Japanese Bobtail

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japanese bobtail portrait
Meet the Japanese Bobtail, a breed cherished for its charming, bunny-like tails and amiable personality. These fur-balls are more than just cute companions; their rich history and spirited energy make them unique, capturing hearts worldwide.

Join us in this comprehensive guide as we explore everything you need to know about this breed, including their appearance, temperament, care, health concerns, history, and more!


OFFICIAL NAMEJapanese Bobtail
HEIGHT8-10 inches
WEIGHT7-10 lbs
LIFESPAN15-20 years
japanese bobtail standing on a table
Photo: slowmotiongli/Getty Images


Japanese Bobtails are a stunning spectacle of feline beauty, with their distinctive features making them stand out in the cat world. They are typically of medium size, their lithe bodies nicely balanced between 7 to 10 pounds, with males tending to be slightly larger than females.

What truly sets this breed apart is their unique ‘bobbed’ tail, which is as charismatic as their personality. Resembling a bunny’s tail, it is fluffy, full of charm, and can be anywhere between one to three inches in length. Its appearance is likened to a pom-pom due to its irregular curves and angles, making every bobtail’s tail truly one-of-a-kind!

Their heads charm with a delightful equilateral triangle shape, perfectly symmetrical along all sides. The broad cheekbones and high-set, well-rounded ears lend an alert expression to their faces. The ears are large and upright, providing a perfect frame for the Bobtail’s playful gaze.

The eyes of a Japanese Bobtail are large, oval-shaped, and possess an enigmatic allure. They can be of any color, even differing from one another, a condition known as heterochromia. Imagine looking into eyes that are a mesmerizing blend of blue and green, or amber and blue!

Their coat is plush and silky to the touch, like running your fingers through a cloud. Both short and longhair bobtails exist, but regardless of length, their fur is low-shedding and easy to groom. They are adorned in a wide variety of coat colors, though the classic “mi-ke,” or tricolor pattern, is most famously associated with the breed.

The Japanese Bobtail always appears to be smiling, a testament to its cheerful, friendly nature. It’s as if their bodies were designed to reflect the joy they bring to people’s lives. Indeed, the Japanese Bobtail’s appearance is as compelling and richly layered as its history, a delightful feast for the eyes that embodies their energetic spirit and loving temperament.

japanese bobtail's face up close
Photo: tetianachernykovaphotos


The Japanese Bobtail is not just a pretty face—it’s also a bundle of joy, a vibrant ball of energy, and a constant companion radiating warmth and friendliness. These cats are the epitome of joie de vivre, delighting in every moment of their lives with an almost childlike wonder.

Japanese Bobtails are known for their outgoing nature and are always up for a game or two. These cats are the feline equivalent of an ever-ready battery, always charged up and ready to play.

Whether it’s chasing a laser pointer, pouncing on a feather teaser, or even just a simple game of fetch, they’re always eager to engage. Their playful antics are sure to bring a smile to anyone’s face, and their high level of activity keeps them fit and healthy as well.

But their energy doesn’t mean they’re not affectionate. On the contrary, Bobtails are incredibly loving and form strong bonds with their human families. They’re the type of cat that will follow you around the house, wanting to be a part of whatever you’re doing. Whether you’re cooking, cleaning, working, or just lounging around, they’re your loyal shadow, always ready to lend a paw—or at least, keep you company.

When they’re not playing or tailing their humans, Bobtails enjoy expressing themselves vocally. This breed is known for its wide range of vocalizations, which they use to communicate their needs and thoughts. They have soft, melodic voices, and their “conversations” are always engaging.

Don’t worry, though—they’re not excessively noisy, but rather, they use their voices strategically to grab your attention when they have something important to say.

Japanese Bobtails are also renowned for their intelligence. These cats are quick learners and can easily be trained to perform tricks or to use a human toilet, which is quite a feat in the feline world. Their curiosity is boundless, and they enjoy exploring their surroundings, always on the lookout for new things to learn and discover.

Despite their independent streak, these cats are incredibly sociable and get along well with children and other pets. They’re not the type to shy away from strangers either. In fact, they’re likely to be the first ones to greet a visitor at the door, always ready to make a new friend.

japanese bobtail lying on a rug
Photo: NancyAyumi/Getty Images



Grooming a Japanese Bobtail is a breeze. Despite their fluffy appearance, they have a coat that’s relatively low-maintenance. Weekly brushing is usually enough to keep their fur looking glossy and tangle-free.

Bathing them isn’t necessary unless they get particularly dirty. Dental hygiene is crucial too—regular teeth brushing will keep their pearly whites in perfect shape. And don’t forget those ears! A quick weekly check and a gentle wipe with a pet-friendly cleanser will do the trick.

Exercise and Play

Japanese Bobtails are energetic creatures and need plenty of physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy. Set aside time each day for play—this will also help strengthen your bond. They love games that challenge their hunting instincts.

A great game of chase using a feather wand or laser pointer can keep them entertained for hours. If you have outdoor space, consider setting up a safe and secure play area—they’ll love the chance to exercise their curiosity and explore.

Diet and Nutrition

When it comes to nutrition, remember that Japanese Bobtails are carnivores. They require a protein-rich diet to fuel their playful and energetic lifestyle. High-quality cat food, whether commercial or homemade, should meet their dietary needs.

Remember to consult your vet before making any significant changes to their diet. Also, keep an eye on their water intake. Fresh, clean water should be available at all times to keep them well-hydrated.


Japanese Bobtails are generally healthy cats with an impressive life expectancy of 15 to 20 years. However, like all breeds, they are prone to certain health conditions. Understanding these potential issues can help you provide proactive care for your feline friend.

Dental Disease: This common condition can lead to loss of teeth and affect overall health if untreated. Regular brushing and dental check-ups are preventative measures.

Obesity: Bobtails are energetic, but they also love their food. Monitoring food intake and providing plenty of playtime can help keep their weight in check.

Kidney Disease: This is a potential risk as cats age. Regular vet check-ups can catch any issues early.

Heart Disease: Like in humans, cats can also suffer from various heart conditions. Again, having regular vet check-ups can help identify any problems early on.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): Bobtails may suffer from UTIs, which are typically signaled by changes in litter box behavior.

Maintaining a healthy diet is crucial for your Bobtail’s well-being. Feed them a high-protein diet, but be mindful not to overfeed. Regular veterinary checks are also vital in the early detection of potential health issues. Routine vaccinations should not be overlooked as they prevent various diseases.

The journey with your Japanese Bobtail should be one filled with joy and companionship. By providing the right diet, exercise, and medical care, you’re creating the perfect environment for your Bobtail to live a long, happy, and healthy life.

japanese bobtail walking in the park
Photo: JordiStock/Getty Images


The Japanese Bobtail is a breed steeped in folklore and tradition. Its history traces back over a thousand years in Japan, where it was cherished as a symbol of good fortune and prosperity. Legend tells of a bobtail cat that saved the life of a Japanese emperor by waving him away from a dangerous setting. Since that time, the bobtail cat has been celebrated in Japanese art, sculpture, and literature.

The Bobtail’s journey to the Western world began during the mid-20th century. An American breeder named Elizabeth Freret fell for the breed’s unique look and playful personality during her stay in Japan. She brought some Bobtails back to the United States, thus setting the stage for the breed’s international recognition.

The Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) officially recognized the Japanese Bobtail as a breed in 1976. This was a major milestone that enhanced the breed’s visibility and helped it gain a dedicated following among cat lovers.

The International Cat Association (TICA) followed suit and granted the breed championship status in 1979. These recognitions by prestigious associations not only validated the breed’s distinct qualities but also boosted its popularity among cat enthusiasts globally.

Despite its historical prominence and recognition, the Japanese Bobtail remains a somewhat rare breed. However, those who are fortunate enough to share their lives with these charismatic felines cherish their unique personality and rich history.

Breed Standard

A breed standard is a set of guidelines that describes the ideal characteristics, temperament, and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breed standards are devised by breed clubs and recognized by various cat registries worldwide.

These standards provide detailed descriptions of the breed’s physical characteristics such as body shape, size, coat type and color, eye color and shape, ear placement, and tail length.

japanese bobtail walking on top of a car
Photo: NancyAyumi/Getty Images


Are Japanese Bobtail cats born without tails?

No, Japanese Bobtail cats are not born without tails. They are born with a tail that is significantly shorter than that of most cats, which gives them their distinctive bobtail look. The length and shape of the tail can vary, but it is usually curved, angled, or kinked.

How do I know if my cat is a Japanese Bobtail?

If your cat has a short “bobbed” tail, it may be a Japanese Bobtail. This breed also has a triangular face, high cheekbones, and large, upright ears. They usually have a lean, muscular body and are known for their agility and athleticism. However, the only surefire way to confirm your cat’s breed is through a DNA test.

Can Japanese Bobtail cats be left alone?

Like any cat, Japanese Bobtails can tolerate some alone time, but they are sociable animals that enjoy the company of humans and other pets. They are known for their playful, active nature and love engaging in games and activities. Long periods of solitude may lead to feelings of loneliness or boredom.

Are Japanese Bobtails healthy cats?

Japanese Bobtails are generally healthy cats. They have a long lifespan, often living into their late teens or even early twenties. However, like any breed, they can be prone to certain genetic health problems. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet are important to ensure their overall well-being.

How often do Japanese Bobtail cats need grooming?

Japanese Bobtails have a medium-length coat that is generally easy to care for. Brushing them once or twice a week should help to keep their fur looking its best. They have minimal grooming needs beyond typical cat care, such as dental hygiene and regular vet visits.

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