Cesky Terrier

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cesky terrier's portrait
Looking for a canine companion that's equal parts charming and adventurous? Say hello to the Cesky Terrier – the pint-sized adventurers with a dash of European flair! With their shaggy coat, perky ears, and a spirit that's ready to explore, these playful pals will steal your heart and whisk you away on unforgettable escapades!

Join us in this comprehensive guide as we explore everything you need to know about this breed, including their appearance, temperament, ideal environment, grooming, exercise requirements, training tips, dietary needs, health concerns, history, and more.

Best For

If you’re after a playful yet calm companion that can adapt to apartment life, look no further than the Cesky Terrier. Perfect for those seeking a small, sturdy, and affectionate pet, this breed’s moderate exercise needs make it an excellent choice for both active individuals and laid-back loungers alike.


OTHER NAMESBohemian Terrier, Czech Terrier
ORIGINCzech Republic
BREED GROUPTerrier Group
HEIGHT10-13 inches
WEIGHT14-24 lbs
LIFESPAN12-15 years
white cesky terrier standing on a road
Photo: ceskyfreund36/Pixabay


The Cesky Terrier is a delightful little package of strength and agility. Standing at a height between 10 – 13 inches tall, these dogs may be small, but they’re certainly not lacking in personality or physical prowess.

One of the first things you’ll notice is their well-muscled body. Despite their shorter stature, Cesky Terriers are built to be working dogs, with a rectangular outline that speaks to their hardy nature. They’re compact but powerful, showcasing their hunting terrier ancestry.

Their legs, though short, are sturdy and strong, ready to spring into action at a moment’s notice. And let’s not forget about their tail – it’s uncropped, adding to their natural, unspoiled appearance.

Moving up to their head, the Cesky Terrier sports a pair of natural drop ears. Set high on their head and close to their cheeks, these ears give them an irresistibly endearing look. Their eyes, usually a dark brown, are full of expression, reflecting their high spirits and intelligent nature.

But perhaps the most striking feature of the Cesky Terrier is its beautiful coat. A little wavy and silky in appearance, this coat can come in various shades of gray, adding an element of elegance to their overall look. This unique feature sets them apart from many other terrier breeds and is sure to turn heads wherever they go.

Adding to their charm is their long beard and eyebrows. These distinctive features give the Cesky Terrier a somewhat wise and dignified expression, belying their playful and affectionate temperament.

black cesky terrier's face
Photo: ceskyfreund36/Pixabay


The Cesky Terrier is known for its unique blend of terrier spirit and unparalleled loyalty. These dogs carry an air of elegance, tempered by a playful, sporty nature that makes them an endearing breed.

One of the most noticeable traits of the Cesky Terrier is its affectionate nature. These dogs form deep bonds with their human companions and are known to be very loving and loyal. They are often described as family dogs, enjoying the company of their human pack and thriving on the attention they receive.

Despite their small size, don’t underestimate the Cesky Terrier’s zest for life! They’re playful, sporty, and always up for an adventure. Their energetic side is balanced by a calm demeanor, making them adaptable and easygoing in various situations.

Cesky Terriers are also known for their intelligence. They were bred to have a docile, intelligent personality along with their hunting skills, making them very trainable. However, like most intelligent breeds, they do have a streak of independence. They can be a bit stubborn at times, but with patience and positive reinforcement, they can learn quickly.

When it comes to socializing, Cesky Terriers generally get along well with other dogs and people. They’re friendly and sociable, but they can also be a bit reserved around strangers. Once they get to know someone, they usually warm up quickly.

Ideal Environment

If you’re considering welcoming a Cesky Terrier into your home, it’s essential to understand the type of environment that suits them best. These adorable dogs are incredibly adaptable, and with the right conditions, they can thrive in a variety of settings.

Ideal Owner

First, let’s talk about pet parents. Cesky Terriers are a great fit for individuals or families who can offer a loving, attentive environment. They form strong bonds with their human family members and thrive on attention and interaction. Whether it’s a game of fetch in the backyard or a cozy cuddle session on the couch, these dogs love spending quality time with their humans.

Other Pets

When it comes to other pets, Cesky Terriers are generally sociable and can get along well with other animals. They’re not known to be overly dominant or aggressive, making them suitable for multi-pet households. However, as with any breed, early socialization is crucial to ensure smooth interactions.

Physical Environment

In terms of physical environment, these dogs are quite flexible. They can adapt well to both apartment living and houses with yards. Their moderate size and energy levels mean they don’t require a vast amount of space, but they do appreciate access to safe outdoor areas where they can explore and play.

Climate Adaptability

As for climate considerations, Cesky Terriers can adapt to a range of weather conditions. However, it’s essential to take precautions during extreme temperatures.

In hot weather, ensure they have access to shade and plenty of fresh water, and avoid walking them during the hottest part of the day. In colder climates, their coat offers some protection, but they may need extra warmth in the form of a doggy sweater or heated bed during particularly cold spells.

cesky terrier climbing a stone
Photo: ceskyfreund36/Pixabay


Coat Care

Let’s start with the basics – their beautiful, silky coat. One of the defining features of the Cesky Terrier, this coat requires regular care to maintain its luxurious appearance. Unlike many other terriers, Cesky Terriers have hair that grows continuously, much like human hair. This means they don’t shed as much, but it also means they need regular trims to keep their coat manageable and neat.

A good rule of thumb is to plan for a trim every four to six weeks. You can take your Cesky to a professional groomer, or if you’re feeling adventurous, you can learn to do it yourself. Either way, regular trimming is essential to prevent matting and keep your dog looking tidy.

In between trims, brush your Cesky’s coat once or twice a week. This helps remove any loose hair and keeps the coat glossy and healthy. A slicker brush or a comb with both wide and narrow teeth is an excellent tool for this job.

Don’t forget about bath time! Cesky Terriers generally only need a bath every one to two months, or whenever they get particularly dirty. Use a gentle dog shampoo to keep their skin and coat healthy and avoid drying out their skin.

Dental Care

Moving on to dental care, it’s just as crucial for dogs as it is for humans. Brush your Cesky’s teeth at least two to three times a week to prevent tartar buildup and gum disease. Consider using dog-friendly toothpaste for a more enjoyable experience for your pet.

Nail Care

Nail care is another important aspect of grooming. As a general rule, if you can hear your dog’s nails clicking on the floor, they’re too long. You can trim them yourself using a dog nail clipper or grinder, or you can have a vet or groomer do it for you. Regular walks on pavement can also help keep nails naturally trimmed.

Ear Care

Lastly, don’t forget to check your Cesky’s ears regularly. Because they have drop ears, they can be prone to ear infections. Clean them gently with a vet-recommended cleanser and cotton ball, and check for signs of redness or bad odor.

black cesky terrier walking on grass
Photo: ceskyfreund36/Pixabay


Cesky Terriers are a moderately active breed. This doesn’t mean they’re bouncing off the walls all day, but they do require regular physical activity to keep them healthy and happy.

Exercise Amount & Types

Typically, around 30 to 60 minutes of walking per day should suffice. These walks not only provide them with the necessary physical exercise but also give them a chance to explore their environment, which is vital for their mental stimulation.

In addition to walks, Cesky Terriers also enjoy play sessions. Whether it’s a game of fetch in the backyard or a fun-filled romp with a favorite toy, these playful moments can help burn off any extra energy and keep your Cesky entertained. Just be sure to keep an eye on their enthusiasm – while they’re sturdy little dogs, they’re not invincible and can sometimes get a bit carried away!

Dog Sports

While Cesky Terriers aren’t known for their prowess in high-energy dog sports like agility or flyball, they can still participate in these activities at a more leisurely pace. They’re intelligent dogs who enjoy challenges, so training for lower-intensity dog competitions can be a great way to keep them engaged and active.

Exercise Precautions

One thing to keep in mind is that Cesky Terriers, like all dogs, should always be supervised during exercise and play. They’re curious creatures who can sometimes find themselves in tricky situations, so keeping a watchful eye can help ensure their safety.


Training a Cesky Terrier can be an exciting journey filled with lots of fun and a few challenges along the way. These dogs are known for their intelligence and eagerness to please, which can make training an enjoyable experience for both of you.

Cesky Terriers are generally quite trainable, especially when positive reinforcement methods are used. They respond well to praise, treats, and other rewards, making them keen learners when it comes to basic commands and tricks. Remember, patience and consistency are key during training sessions.

Start with basic obedience training. Teach your Cesky commands like “sit,” “stay,” “come,” and “leave it.” These basic commands not only keep your dog safe but also help establish you as the pack leader.

Socialization is another crucial aspect of training. Introduce your Cesky to a variety of people, environments, and other animals from a young age. This will help them become well-rounded, confident dogs who are comfortable in different situations.

Crate training can also be beneficial, especially for housebreaking purposes. Cesky Terriers usually take well to crate training if introduced properly. Make the crate a comfortable and safe place for your pup, and they’ll likely start viewing it as their personal haven.

While Cesky Terriers are generally eager to please, they do have a bit of an independent streak. They may occasionally test boundaries or exhibit stubbornness. If this happens, stay calm and assertive. Never resort to harsh punishment; instead, redirect their energy into positive behaviors.

One fun aspect of training a Cesky Terrier is their aptitude for dog sports. While they may not be top contenders in high-intensity sports, they excel at activities that require mental agility, like tracking or obedience trials.

white cesky terrier's face
Photo: ceskyfreund36/Pixabay

Diet & Nutrition 

Feeding a Cesky Terrier is more than just filling up their bowl; it’s about providing a balanced diet that meets their specific nutritional needs. These adorable dogs may be small, but they require a diet rich in high-quality ingredients to keep them healthy and active.

What to Feed & How Much

When choosing food for your Cesky Terrier, look for products that follow the guidelines set by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). Whether you choose dry, wet, or raw food, make sure it’s formulated to meet the nutritional levels established by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles. This ensures your dog is getting a balanced diet.

The amount of food your Cesky requires can vary depending on their age, size, and activity level. Puppies usually need more calories than adult dogs because they’re growing and developing.

As a general guide, an adult Cesky Terrier typically needs around one cup of high-quality dry food per day, divided into two meals. However, always consult with your vet to determine the best feeding plan for your particular pet.


Treats are a great way to reward your Cesky during training sessions, but remember to give them sparingly. Treats should not make up more than 10% of your dog’s daily caloric intake to avoid weight gain and other health issues.


Hydration is also crucial for your Cesky’s health. Always ensure they have access to fresh, clean water. This is particularly important during hot weather or after exercise when they may be more thirsty.

Additional Feeding Tips

Finally, while Cesky Terriers aren’t known for being picky eaters, they can develop food allergies. If you notice symptoms like itching, digestive issues, or skin infections, consult your vet. They can help identify any potential allergies and suggest appropriate dietary adjustments.


Cesky Terriers, with their lively spirit and charming personality, are generally quite a healthy breed. On average, they can live between 12 to 15 years, which is a testament to their robust nature. However, like all breeds, they are prone to certain health conditions.

Here are common health issues associated with Cesky Terriers:

Scottie Cramp: This hereditary condition causes temporary muscle spasms that can affect the dog’s ability to move. While it can be startling to witness, it’s usually not painful and doesn’t affect the dog’s overall lifespan.

Hip Dysplasia: This is a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t fit perfectly into the hip socket. It can lead to discomfort, pain, and even arthritis in severe cases.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): This eye condition leads to the gradual deterioration of the retina, eventually causing blindness. Regular eye check-ups can help detect this issue early.

Patellar Luxation: Common in small dogs, this condition occurs when the kneecap slips out of place. It can cause pain and lead to limping or an abnormal gait.

Dental Problems: Like many small breeds, Cesky Terriers can be prone to dental issues, including gum disease and tooth decay.

To keep your Cesky Terrier healthy, a balanced diet is crucial. A nutritious diet helps maintain a healthy weight, supports the immune system, and promotes overall health.

Regular veterinary checks are also essential. Routine examinations can help catch any potential health issues early, making them easier to manage. Your vet can also provide advice on preventative care, such as vaccinations and parasite control, to keep your Cesky in top shape.

black cesky terrier standing on grass
Photo: ceskyfreund36/Pixabay


The Cesky Terrier hails from the beautiful country of Czechoslovakia. This breed’s story begins with a man named Frantisek Horak, a geneticist with a passion for dogs.

In the mid-20th century, Horak set out to create a new breed of terrier that would excel in hunting small game in the forests of Bohemia, yet also be a friendly and manageable companion at home. He crossed two well-established breeds, the Scottish Terrier and the Sealyham Terrier, and after careful breeding and selection, the Cesky Terrier was born.

Horak’s new breed was everything he’d hoped for – agile, hardy, intelligent, and sociable. By 1959, several Cesky Terriers were being showcased in dog shows, and the process of registering this new breed in the Czechoslovakian kennel club began.

As the years passed, the Cesky Terrier slowly gained recognition in various parts of the world. One of the defining moments for the breed came in the 1980s when a group of enthusiasts imported the breed into the United States. Their efforts paid off, and the Cesky Terrier was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 2011.

Despite its many qualities, the Cesky Terrier remains one of the lesser-known breeds. It doesn’t have the widespread recognition of breeds like the Labrador Retriever or the German Shepherd. The Cesky Terrier is currently 191st on the AKC’s list of Most Popular Dog Breeds, which only adds to its status as a rare and unique breed.

Today, the Cesky Terrier is cherished by those who know it for its distinctive look, gentle temperament, and versatile abilities. Whether they’re hunting in the forests, competing in dog shows, or simply lounging at home with their owners, Cesky Terriers bring a touch of Bohemian charm wherever they go.

Breed Club

The parent club for the Cesky Terrier breed in the United States is the American Cesky Terrier Fanciers Association (ACTFA). The ACTFA is a dedicated group of enthusiasts that actively promotes the breed’s interests, advocates for responsible dog ownership, and provides valuable resources for Cesky Terrier owners. For more information, you can visit their official website.

Breed Standard

A breed standard is a set of guidelines established by breed clubs or kennel organizations, defining the ideal appearance, temperament, and physical traits of a specific breed. 

It serves as a reference for breeders, judges, and enthusiasts to evaluate and maintain a breed’s unique qualities. Covering aspects like size, appearance, and temperament, breed standards are used in dog shows and competitions to assess individual dogs against the ideal representation of their breed.

Check out the Cesky Terrier’s breed standard as set by the American Kennel Club (AKC). 


Bringing a Cesky Terrier into your life is an exciting journey, but it’s important to be prepared. First, ensure that your home and lifestyle are suitable for this active and intelligent breed. They’ll need space to play and regular exercise.

If you decide to buy a Cesky, choose a reputable breeder who prioritizes health and temperament over appearance. However, consider rescuing a Cesky instead of buying one. There are many wonderful dogs in shelters waiting for their forever homes. The ACTFA and the AKC can help you connect with rescue organizations.

Remember, owning a dog is a long-term commitment. Make sure you’re ready to provide a loving home for your Cesky Terrier for years to come. With the right preparation, your new furry friend will quickly become a cherished member of your family.


Is the Cesky Terrier a rare breed?

Yes, the Cesky Terrier is considered a rare breed. They are not as commonly found as many other terrier breeds.

Are Cesky Terriers good family dogs?

Absolutely! Cesky Terriers are known for their calm and friendly nature. They get along well with children and can be sociable with other dogs, making them great family pets.

Do Cesky Terriers shed?

Cesky Terriers have a unique coat that requires regular grooming, but they are considered a low-shedding breed. Regular brushing can help manage any loose hair.

Can Cesky Terriers be left alone?

While Cesky Terriers are fairly independent, they enjoy human companionship and can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. It’s best to ensure they have company most of the time.

How much exercise does a Cesky Terrier need?

Cesky Terriers are active dogs that require regular physical and mental stimulation. A couple of walks a day, along with playtime and training sessions, should suffice.

Are Cesky Terriers easy to train?

Yes, Cesky Terriers are intelligent and eager to please, which makes them relatively easy to train. However, they can sometimes be stubborn, so consistent, positive reinforcement methods work best.

What health issues are common in Cesky Terriers?

Cesky Terriers are generally healthy, but they can be prone to certain conditions like Scottie Cramp, Hip Dysplasia, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), Patellar Luxation, and dental problems. Regular vet check-ups can help detect and manage these issues.

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