Irish Terrier

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irish terrier portrait
Ready to meet a dog breed that's as fiery and spirited as the land it hails from? Say hello to the Irish Terrier! With their vibrant red coat, boundless energy, and an indomitable spirit that charms everyone they meet, these dogs are truly Ireland's finest canine ambassadors.

Join us in this comprehensive guide as we explore everything you need to know about this breed, including their appearance, temperament, ideal environment, grooming, exercise requirements, training tips, dietary needs, health concerns, history, and more.

Best For

If you’re an active soul who loves a good adventure, the Irish Terrier might just be your perfect match! These dogs are high-energy companions who thrive with families that can keep up with their lively spirit. They’re also great for those who appreciate loyalty, intelligence, and a dash of Irish pluck!


OTHER NAMESIrish Red Terrier
BREED GROUPTerrier Group
HEIGHT18 inches
WEIGHT25-27 lbs
LIFESPAN13-15 years
irish terrier sitting in green bushes
Photo: Ksenia Raykova/Getty Images


The Irish Terrier is a medium-sized dog that embodies all the fire and spirit of the Emerald Isle in its compact, athletic body. Standing about 18 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing between 25 to 27 pounds, they’re the embodiment of power without bulk.

One look at an Irish Terrier and you’ll be captivated by their alert and rectangular body. Their erect tail, always ready for action, is a testament to their lively nature. But it’s their head that truly sets them apart. With a long, flat skull and a strong jawline, their facial structure radiates a distinct sense of determination and intelligence.

Their eyes, small and dark with a fiery spark, are windows to their courageous soul. They hold a keen, piercing expression that seems to say, “I’m ready for whatever comes my way!” The V-shaped ears, folding forward in a delightful half flop, add a touch of charm to their bold persona.

But perhaps the most striking feature of an Irish Terrier is their vibrant, wiry coat. Its beautiful red color is reminiscent of a bright Irish sunset. This coat isn’t just for show, though. The dense, wiry texture serves as a weatherproof barrier, protecting these tough little dogs from the elements.

When you look at an Irish Terrier, you see a dog that is strong but not heavy, agile but not delicate. Their appearance is a perfect reflection of their personality – full of life, ready for action, and utterly fearless.

In short, the Irish Terrier is a true daredevil, wrapped in a package of red fur and brimming with irresistible charm. They’re a breed that combines toughness with elegance, and grit with beauty. Whether they’re bounding across a field or standing guard at home, their unique look is sure to turn heads wherever they go.

irish terrier lying on grass
Photo: Elina_L/Getty Images


Irish Terriers are known for their spirited nature. They’re lively, courageous, and always ready for an adventure. Their zest for life is infectious, and they have a knack for bringing joy to any situation. They’re not just fun-loving, though. They’re also incredibly brave. In fact, their fearlessness has earned them the affectionate nickname “daredevils” among their fans.

Despite their high spirits, Irish Terriers are also remarkably good-tempered. They’re adaptable dogs that can fit into a variety of lifestyles, whether you live in a bustling city apartment or a quiet country home. This adaptability, coupled with their alertness, makes them excellent guard dogs. They’re always on the lookout for anything unusual, ready to protect their family at a moment’s notice.

But don’t let their guard dog persona fool you. At heart, Irish Terriers are true companions. They form deep bonds with their families, showing a level of loyalty that’s truly heartwarming. They’re affectionate dogs that love spending time with their people. Whether you’re lounging on the couch or exploring the great outdoors, your Irish Terrier will be by your side, ready to share in the experience.

They’re also highly intelligent. They have a curious mind and an eagerness to learn, making them quick to pick up new tricks and commands. But this intelligence isn’t just about learning commands. It also means they’re intuitive and sensitive to their owners’ moods. They seem to have an uncanny ability to sense when you’re feeling down and know just how to cheer you up.

One thing to note about the Irish Terrier’s personality is their determination. Once they’ve set their mind on something, they won’t give up until they’ve achieved it. This determination, along with their energetic nature, gives them a certain tenacity that’s hard to ignore.

However, they’re not all work and no play. Irish Terriers are known for their boisterous personalities. They love to entertain and be the center of attention, often proving to be the life of the party. Their playful antics and cheerful disposition can bring a smile to even the sternest of faces.

irish terrier on a hike
Photo: Images

Ideal Environment

Irish Terriers are versatile and adaptable dogs that can thrive in many settings, but there are certain environments where they truly shine. If you’re considering bringing one of these fiery redheads into your life, here’s what you need to know about their ideal environment.

Ideal Owner

When it comes to pet parents, Irish Terriers are best suited for active individuals or families who love outdoor adventures. Their spirited nature and boundless energy make them great companions for hikes, runs, or even just long walks around the neighborhood. They also love playtime, so having a yard where they can romp around would be a bonus.

Other Pets

As for other pets, Irish Terriers can get along well with them, provided they are properly socialized from a young age. However, due to their strong prey drive, they might not be the best fit for homes with small animals like rodents or birds. It’s also worth noting that they can be a bit feisty with dogs of the same sex, so careful introductions and supervision are key.

Physical Environment

When it comes to the physical environment, Irish Terriers aren’t overly fussy. Whether you live in an apartment in the city or a house in the suburbs, they’ll be happy as long as they have plenty of opportunities for mental and physical stimulation. But remember, these are active dogs that need space to move, so a cramped apartment with no access to outdoor areas might not be ideal.

Climate Adaptability

In terms of climate, their dense, wiry coat provides some protection against the cold, but extreme temperatures can still be uncomfortable for them. They’re generally okay in colder climates, but they should always have warm shelter available.

As for hot weather, they can tolerate it to a degree, but they should always have access to shade and fresh water, and outdoor activities should be limited during the hottest parts of the day.

irish terrier lying on a park bench
Photo: Elina_L/Getty Images


Grooming an Irish Terrier isn’t just about keeping them looking their best, it’s also an essential part of their overall health and well-being. So, if you’re thinking of welcoming one of these fiery furballs into your home, here’s what you need to know about their grooming needs.

Coat Care

Let’s start with the most noticeable part of an Irish Terrier – their vibrant red coat. This dense, wiry outer coat serves as a protective barrier against the elements, so it’s important to keep it in good condition.

The good news is, despite its rugged appearance, this coat is relatively low maintenance. It doesn’t shed much, which means you won’t have to worry about finding red hairs all over your furniture.

However, it does need regular brushing to keep it looking its best. Aim for a good brush-down at least once a week to remove any loose hair and prevent matting. A slicker brush or a comb with both wide and narrow teeth will be your best tools for this task.

Every few months, your Irish Terrier will also benefit from ‘hand-stripping’. This is a process where dead hairs are plucked out by hand (or with a special stripping tool), allowing new hairs to grow in. It might sound a bit harsh, but it’s actually painless for the dog and helps to maintain the texture and color of the coat. If hand-stripping sounds too daunting, you can always seek help from a professional groomer.

Dental Care

Next up is dental care. Just like us, dogs need regular oral hygiene to keep their teeth and gums healthy. Brushing your Irish Terrier’s teeth a few times a week with a dog-safe toothpaste can help prevent dental diseases. And don’t forget about chew toys – they’re great for helping to keep your dog’s teeth clean!

Nail Trimming

When it comes to their nails, Irish Terriers are just like any other dog. If they’re not worn down naturally through regular activity, they’ll need to be trimmed every few weeks. If you can hear their nails clicking on the floor, that’s a sign they’re too long.

Ear Care

Lastly, don’t forget about those ears! Check them regularly for any signs of infection like redness, swelling, or bad odor. A gentle wipe with a cotton ball or soft cloth should be enough to keep them clean.

irish terrier walking in tall grass
Photo: Svetlana Evgrafova / 500px/Getty Images


If you’re looking for a canine couch potato, the Irish Terrier is not for you. These fiery redheads are full of energy and need plenty of exercise to keep them happy and healthy. But don’t worry – keeping an Irish Terrier active isn’t a chore, it’s an adventure!

Exercise Amount & Types

Irish Terriers thrive on vigorous exercise. Long walks are a must – think about an hour or two each day. But don’t stop there. These dogs love to run, so if you’re a jogger or a cyclist, you’ve just found your new workout buddy. They’re also big fans of play sessions, whether that’s a game of fetch in the park or a fun tug-of-war in the backyard.

But it’s not just physical exercise that these dogs need. Irish Terriers are intelligent, curious creatures who also need mental stimulation. Training sessions, puzzle toys, and interactive games are all great ways to keep their minds sharp. Plus, they’re quick learners who enjoy the challenge!

Dog Sports

Irish Terriers also excel in dog sports. From agility and obedience to tracking and earthdog trials, these dogs are champions in the making. Participating in these activities is a great way to bond with your dog and provide them with the exercise and mental stimulation they need.

irish terrier at dog agility trial
Photo: herreid/Getty Images


Training an Irish Terrier is an adventure in itself. These intelligent and spirited dogs are quick learners, but their independent nature can sometimes make them a bit of a challenge to train. But fear not! With a little patience, consistency, and a lot of positive reinforcement, you’ll have a well-behaved Irish Terrier in no time.

Irish Terriers are smart. They pick up new commands quickly and are always eager to learn. This makes them excellent candidates for obedience training. Start with basic commands like sit, stay, and come. Once they’ve mastered these, you can move on to more advanced tricks.

Remember, variety is the spice of life for these dogs. They love to learn new things and will relish the mental stimulation that training provides.

However, it’s important to remember that Irish Terriers can be a bit headstrong. They’re independent thinkers who like to do things their own way. This means that traditional, forceful training methods won’t work well with them. Instead, positive reinforcement is the way to go. Reward good behavior with treats, praise, or playtime, and you’ll find that your Irish Terrier is more than willing to cooperate.

Socialization is another crucial aspect of training. Irish Terriers are naturally sociable, but they can be a bit feisty with other dogs, especially those of the same sex. Early socialization with a variety of people, animals, and environments can help ensure that your Irish Terrier grows up to be a well-adjusted adult.

Lastly, don’t forget about leash training. Irish Terriers have a strong prey drive, which means they might take off after a squirrel or a bird during walks. Teaching them to walk nicely on a leash can help prevent any unexpected chases.

irish terrier playing on green grass
Photo: Bagicat/Getty Images

Diet & Nutrition 

Feeding an Irish Terrier is about more than just filling their bowl with food. It’s about providing them with the right nutrients they need to live a long, healthy, and active life. So, what should you feed your Irish Terrier? Let’s dive in.

What to Feed & How Much

When it comes to choosing dog food, quality is key. Look for high-quality dry or wet food that meets the nutritional standards set by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). These foods are designed to provide a balanced diet for dogs, offering all the proteins, fats, and carbohydrates your Irish Terrier needs to stay healthy.

The amount you feed your Irish Terrier will depend on their age, size, and activity level. Puppies usually require more frequent feedings – up to four times a day. As they grow older, this can be reduced to two meals a day. Always follow the feeding guidelines on the food packaging and consult your vet if you’re unsure.

Remember, Irish Terriers are energetic dogs that need a diet to match their lifestyle. If your dog is particularly active, they may need more food to fuel their adventures. On the other hand, less active or older dogs may need fewer calories to prevent weight gain.


Treats can be a great training aid, but they should be used sparingly. Too many treats can lead to obesity, which can cause a host of health problems. Try to make sure that treats make up no more than 10% of your dog’s daily calorie intake.


And of course, let’s not forget about water. Fresh, clean water should be available for your Irish Terrier at all times. This is especially important during hot weather or after exercise to prevent dehydration.

irish terrier jumping in the water
Photo: Bagicat/Getty Images


Irish Terriers, affectionately known as “Daredevils,” are generally robust and healthy dogs with a life expectancy of around 13-15 years. But like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health conditions. While not every Irish Terrier will get any or all of these diseases, it’s important to be aware of them if you’re considering this breed.

Here are some health conditions associated with the breed:

Hip Dysplasia: This is a common condition in many dog breeds where the hip joint doesn’t fit together perfectly, which can lead to arthritis or lameness in severe cases.

Eye Diseases: Irish Terriers are susceptible to eye conditions such as progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts, which can lead to blindness if left untreated.

Hyperkeratosis: This is a rare condition that causes hardened, cracked footpads. Although rare, it’s worth keeping an eye out for any changes in your dog’s footpads.

Muscular Dystrophy: Although extremely rare, this breed can develop muscular dystrophy, which affects the dog’s muscle function.

Urolithiasis: This condition involves the formation of stones in the urinary tract and can cause discomfort and urinary problems.

To keep your Irish Terrier healthy, a balanced diet is essential. High-quality dog food that meets their nutritional needs can help to keep their skin, coat, teeth, and overall body healthy.

Regular veterinary check-ups are also crucial for early detection and treatment of any potential health issues. Your vet can provide personalized advice on diet, exercise, and preventative care based on your dog’s age, weight, and health status.

Vaccinations are another key aspect of keeping your Irish Terrier healthy. They protect against potentially deadly diseases like parvovirus, distemper, and rabies.

irish terrier under pink cherry tree
Photo: Eudyptula/Getty Images


The Irish Terrier has a rich history that dates back hundreds of years. While the exact origins of the breed remain shrouded in mystery, what’s clear is that these dogs have always been cherished for their courage, intelligence, and heart.

Irish Terriers are believed to be one of the oldest terrier breeds, with their roots likely tracing back to the black and tan terrier-type dogs of Britain and Ireland. However, it wasn’t until the 1870s that they began to emerge as a distinct breed. During this time, dog shows were becoming a popular pastime, and the Irish Terrier quickly gained recognition for its distinctive appearance and spirited character.

What set Irish Terriers apart was not just their vibrant red coat, but also their fearless nature. These dogs were originally bred to hunt vermin and other small game, a task they performed with great enthusiasm and determination. Their bravery, coupled with their loyalty and affectionate nature, quickly made them popular both as working dogs and family companions.

Irish Terriers were also highly valued for their versatility. During World War I, they served as messenger dogs and sentinels, proving their worth on the battlefield with their courage and resilience. Today, while they’re less likely to be delivering messages under fire, they still excel in a variety of roles, from loyal family pets to competitors in dog sports.

In terms of popular culture, Irish Terriers may not be as instantly recognizable as some breeds, but they’ve certainly left their mark. From Jock of the Bushveld, a South African dog who became a national hero, to Montmorency of Jerome K. Jerome’s “Three Men in a Boat”, Irish Terriers have proven to be characters both in reality and fiction.

The Irish Terrier was first registered by the American Kennel Club in 1885, making it one of the earliest recognized breeds. Despite their many admirable qualities, they’re not among the most popular breeds today. Currently, they sit at 131st on the AKC’s list of Most Popular Dog Breeds. But for those who know and love the Irish Terrier, it’s clear that these fiery, fun-loving dogs have a charm all their own.

Parent Club

The parent club for the Irish Terrier in the United States is the Irish Terrier Club of America (ITCA). The ITCA is dedicated to promoting responsible ownership and preserving the integrity of the breed. For more information about the club and its activities, you can visit their website.

Breed Standard

A breed standard is a set of guidelines established by breed clubs or kennel organizations, defining the ideal appearance, temperament, and physical traits of a specific breed. 

It serves as a reference for breeders, judges, and enthusiasts to evaluate and maintain a breed’s unique qualities. Covering aspects like size, appearance, and temperament, breed standards are used in dog shows and competitions to assess individual dogs against the ideal representation of their breed.

Check out the Irish Terrier’s breed standard as set by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

irish terrier in a park
Photo: katerinchik73/Getty Images


Bringing an Irish Terrier into your life is an exciting journey, but it requires some preparation. First, make your home ‘puppy-proof’. Secure loose objects, set up a cozy space for them, and stock up on puppy essentials like food, toys, and a leash.

If you’re buying an Irish Terrier, ensure you choose a reputable breeder who prioritizes health and temperament over appearance. A responsible breeder will provide health clearances for the puppy’s parents, proving they’ve been tested for common breed-specific conditions.

However, consider rescue as a heartwarming alternative. The Irish Terrier Club of America and the American Kennel Club can assist you in finding an Irish Terrier in need of a loving home. Remember, every dog deserves a second chance at a happy life, and rescuing can be a rewarding experience.


Is the Irish Terrier a good family dog?

Absolutely! Irish Terriers are known for their loyalty and affectionate nature. They love being part of family activities and get along well with children. However, due to their high energy levels, they may be better suited to families with older children.

Do Irish Terriers bark a lot?

Irish Terriers are not excessive barkers, but they will alert you to anything unusual in their environment. They’re known as good watchdogs for this reason. Training from an early age can help manage their barking.

Are Irish Terriers loud dogs?

While they can be vocal when they spot something interesting or sense danger, they’re generally not considered a loud breed. Their barking is more about alerting their family rather than constant noise.

Are Irish Terriers high maintenance?

In terms of grooming, Irish Terriers are relatively low maintenance. Their wiry coat requires brushing once a week and professional grooming every few months. However, they are a high-energy breed that requires regular exercise to keep them happy and healthy.

How much exercise does an Irish Terrier need?

Irish Terriers are active and energetic dogs that require one to two hours of daily exercise. This can include walks, playtime in the yard, or even dog sports like agility. Without enough exercise, they can become bored and potentially destructive.

Are Irish Terriers easy to train?

Irish Terriers are intelligent and eager to learn, which makes training relatively easy. However, they can also be independent and stubborn at times. Positive reinforcement methods work best with this breed.

Do Irish Terriers get along with other pets?

With early socialization, Irish Terriers can get along well with other pets. However, they have a strong prey drive, so they might not be the best fit for homes with small pets like rabbits or hamsters.

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