Poodle (Toy)

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toy poodle portrait
Say hello to the fabulous Toy Poodle, your new best friend in a tiny, curly package! These little dynamos are not just adorable, but also exceptionally smart and versatile. With their hypoallergenic coats and endearing personalities, it's no wonder they've captured hearts worldwide.

Join us in this comprehensive guide as we explore everything you need to know about this breed, including their appearance, temperament, ideal environment, grooming, exercise requirements, training tips, dietary needs, health concerns, history, and more.

Best For

The Toy Poodle is a perfect match for various lifestyles and households. With their small size, they effortlessly adapt to apartment living and require minimal space to thrive. They’re also an excellent option for first-time dog owners due to their eagerness to learn and trainability.


OTHER NAMESCaniche, Pudel
HEIGHT9-10 inches
WEIGHT4-6 lbs
LIFESPAN10-18 years
three toy poodles in a basket
Photo: anhop/Getty Images


The Toy Poodle is a small, elegant, and well-proportioned dog breed known for its distinctive curly coat and lively demeanor. Though compact in size, these pups exhibit an air of refinement and grace that’s simply captivating.

Toy Poodles typically stand between 9 and 10 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh between 4 and 6 pounds, making them the smallest among the three Poodle varieties (Standard, Miniature, and Toy). Their petite stature is one of the many reasons they’re favored as companion dogs and adapt well to smaller living spaces.

These dainty canines have a squarely-built body with a level topline, giving them a well-balanced appearance. Their tails are customarily docked to maintain the breed’s distinct look, though undocked tails are becoming more common.

The head of a Toy Poodle is slightly rounded with a long, straight muzzle, contributing to their refined expression. Their ears are set at or slightly above eye level and hang close to the head, framing their face with a touch of elegance. The dark, oval-shaped eyes of the Toy Poodle exude a keen intelligence and an alert, playful expression that’s hard to resist.

These dogs have a dense, curly coat that’s low-shedding and hypoallergenic, making them an ideal choice for allergy sufferers. Their fur can come in various colors, including black, white, apricot, red, silver, blue, and more.

While the traditional “poodle clip” is often associated with the breed, many owners opt for more practical grooming styles, such as the “puppy clip” or “sporting clip,” which require less maintenance.

toy poodle running in a park
Photo: bongbabyhousevn/Pixabay


The Toy Poodle is a delightful breed known for its intelligence, affectionate nature, and vivacious personality. With their keen minds and engaging disposition, they are truly a joy to have as a companion.

They form deep bonds with their human families, craving attention, love, and companionship. These little dogs will happily follow their owners around the house, eager to be involved in daily activities.

Their attachment to their family members means they may be prone to separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. Therefore, it’s essential to provide them with plenty of love and quality time to ensure their emotional well-being.

When properly socialized, Toy Poodles can be quite friendly and sociable with people, including children and strangers. They tend to get along well with kids, especially if they are raised together from a young age. However, due to their small size, it’s crucial to teach children how to handle and interact with these delicate pups gently and respectfully.

Toy Poodles may be initially reserved with strangers, but they typically warm up quickly once they realize there’s no threat.

In general, Toy Poodles can coexist peacefully with other pets, including dogs and cats. Early socialization is essential to ensure they develop a positive attitude towards other animals. However, due to their small size, it’s crucial to supervise interactions with larger dogs to prevent accidental injuries.

One of the most notable traits of the Toy Poodle is their exceptional intelligence. Ranked among the smartest dog breeds, they have an innate ability to learn and understand commands quickly. This intelligence also makes them highly perceptive and alert, often serving as excellent watchdogs.

While they may not have the size or strength to ward off intruders, they will undoubtedly alert their owners to any unusual activity or potential danger.

Despite their small size, Toy Poodles possess an abundance of energy and playfulness. They love engaging in games, interactive toys, and various indoor and outdoor activities that stimulate their minds and bodies. Their lively nature makes them entertaining companions, always ready to join in on the fun.

Toy Poodles are highly adaptable dogs, able to adjust to different environments and living situations with ease. Their small size makes them well-suited for apartment living and urban environments. They can also thrive in larger homes with yards, as long as they have ample opportunities for mental stimulation and social interaction.

Ideal Environment

Physical Environment

The ideal environment for a Toy Poodle is one that caters to their physical, mental, and emotional needs. These adaptable dogs can thrive in various settings, from small apartments to spacious homes with yards. However, regardless of the living situation, it’s crucial to provide them with a safe and comfortable space where they can play, exercise, and rest.

Climate Adaptability

Regarding climate adaptability, Toy Poodles can adjust to different weather conditions, but certain precautions should be taken.

In colder climates, their dense curly coats provide some insulation, but they may still need additional protection, such as a sweater or coat, during winter walks to keep them warm and comfortable. It’s also essential to keep an eye on their paws, as ice and snow can cause discomfort or injury.

In hot climates, Toy Poodles may be more susceptible to heat-related issues, such as heatstroke. To prevent this, ensure they have access to shade, fresh water, and proper ventilation, especially during peak temperature hours.

Avoid walking them on hot pavement, as it can burn their sensitive paw pads. Regular grooming is also crucial in warmer weather to help keep their coats clean, tangle-free, and more comfortable.

Ideal Owner

Toy Poodles are well-suited for a range of pet parents, including singles, couples, families with children, and seniors. Their intelligence, affectionate nature, and sociable temperament make them wonderful companions for those who can offer them ample love, attention, and mental stimulation.

As they develop strong bonds with their owners, they need a pet parent who is willing to invest time in building a close relationship with their furry friend.

Other Pets

Early socialization is essential for Toy Poodles to ensure they get along well with other pets, such as dogs and cats. While they generally coexist peacefully with other animals, it’s important to supervise interactions with larger dogs to prevent accidental injuries due to their small size. If you have other pets, introducing them gradually and positively will help create a harmonious environment for all.

brown toy poodle sitting on the sofa
Photo: ChaeMingi/Pixabay


Grooming is an essential aspect of caring for a Toy Poodle, as it helps maintain their unique curly coat and overall health. Regular grooming not only keeps them looking neat and tidy but also prevents potential issues such as matting, skin infections, and discomfort.

Coat Care

The Toy Poodle’s dense, curly coat requires consistent brushing to remove loose hair, prevent tangles, and distribute natural oils throughout the fur. Ideally, you should brush your Toy Poodle every day or at least a few times a week using a slicker brush or comb specifically designed for curly coats.

Start at the head and work your way towards the tail, making sure to reach the skin and cover all areas of the body. Remember to be gentle and patient, as harsh brushing can cause pain and damage the coat.

Bathing your Toy Poodle is another important grooming task. They typically require a bath every three to six weeks, depending on their lifestyle and level of dirtiness. Use a mild dog shampoo to cleanse their coat and avoid causing skin irritation. Ensure that you rinse thoroughly to remove all soap residue, as leftover shampoo can lead to itchiness and dryness.

After bathing, towel-dry your dog gently and use a hairdryer on a low heat setting to dry their coat completely. This will help prevent matting and keep their curls looking their best.

Professional grooming is often recommended for Toy Poodles, as their coats can be challenging to maintain without proper training and tools. Professional groomers can clip and style your dog’s coat in various ways, including traditional Poodle trims such as the “Puppy Clip,” “Continental Clip,” or “English Saddle Clip.”

More low-maintenance options like the “Sporting Clip” or “Kennel Clip” are also available. Regular visits to a professional groomer, usually every four to eight weeks, will help keep your Toy Poodle looking neat and well-groomed.

Dental Care

Dental care is crucial for Toy Poodles, as they are prone to dental issues like plaque buildup and gum disease. Daily toothbrushing using dog-specific toothpaste and toothbrush is the best way to maintain their oral health. In addition, providing dental chews and regular checkups with your veterinarian can help prevent dental problems and ensure good oral hygiene.

Nail Trimming

Trimming your Toy Poodle’s nails is another essential grooming task, usually required every three to four weeks. Overgrown nails can cause discomfort, affect their gait, and even lead to injuries. Use a dog nail clipper or grinder to trim their nails, being careful not to cut the quick, which is the blood vessel inside the nail. If you’re unsure about trimming your dog’s nails, a professional groomer or veterinarian can help.

Additional Grooming Tips

Finally, don’t forget to check and clean your Toy Poodle’s ears regularly. Their floppy ears can trap moisture and debris, leading to infections if not cleaned properly. Use a gentle ear-cleaning solution and cotton balls to clean the outer part of their ears, avoiding inserting anything into the ear canal.

By following a consistent grooming routine, you’ll not only keep your Toy Poodle looking their best but also ensure they remain comfortable, healthy, and happy. Regular grooming also serves as an excellent opportunity to bond with your dog and check for any potential health issues.

brown toy poodle running on the grass
Photo: kukai/Getty Images


Despite their small size, Toy Poodles are energetic and active dogs that require regular exercise to keep them physically fit and mentally stimulated. Meeting their exercise needs is crucial for maintaining their overall health and preventing boredom, which can lead to undesirable behaviors.

Exercise Amount & Types

Toy Poodles generally require at least 30 minutes of daily exercise, which can be divided into two or more sessions throughout the day. This exercise can take various forms, such as walks, playtime, or engaging in dog sports. Keep in mind that Toy Poodles are intelligent and agile, so incorporating activities that challenge both their body and mind will help keep them happy and satisfied.

Walking is a great way to meet your Toy Poodle’s exercise needs, as it allows them to explore their environment, socialize with other dogs and people, and burn off energy. Aim for at least one or two brisk walks per day, adjusting the length and pace according to your dog’s age, fitness level, and individual needs.

Playtime is another essential component of a Toy Poodle’s exercise routine. Interactive toys, puzzle games, and fetch are all excellent ways to engage your dog and provide them with mental stimulation. Toy Poodles also enjoy learning new tricks and commands, which can be incorporated into their play sessions for added enrichment.

Dog Sports

For those interested in dog sports, Toy Poodles excel in various activities, such as agility, obedience, rally, and even tracking. Their intelligence, athleticism, and eagerness to please make them highly trainable and successful competitors. Participating in dog sports not only provides your Toy Poodle with physical exercise but also strengthens the bond between you and your dog.

Exercise Precautions

It’s important to monitor your Toy Poodle during exercise, especially in hot or cold weather, as their small size makes them more susceptible to heatstroke or hypothermia. Offer breaks and water as needed, and adjust the intensity and duration of exercise based on your dog’s tolerance and comfort level.


Training is an integral part of raising a well-behaved and happy Toy Poodle. These intelligent dogs are highly trainable, eager to learn, and respond well to positive reinforcement techniques. Their keen minds and desire to please their owners make them excellent students, capable of learning various commands, tricks, and even participating in dog sports.

When training a Toy Poodle, it’s essential to start early, ideally during the puppy stage. Early socialization and exposure to different people, animals, and environments will help your Toy Poodle develop into a confident and well-adjusted adult. Puppy obedience classes can be a valuable resource for teaching basic manners and establishing a strong foundation for future training.

Toy Poodles thrive on positive reinforcement techniques, such as praise, treats, and affection. Reward-based training methods help build trust, strengthen the bond between you and your dog, and encourage them to repeat desired behaviors. Avoid harsh or punitive training methods, as they can damage your relationship with your dog and hinder their progress.

Consistency and patience are crucial when training a Toy Poodle. Make sure all family members use the same commands and reward system to avoid confusing your dog.

Keep training sessions short and engaging, usually around 10 to 15 minutes, to maintain your dog’s interest and prevent boredom. Incorporate playtime and fun activities into your training routine to make learning enjoyable and rewarding for your Toy Poodle.

It’s important to be mindful of small dog syndrome when training Toy Poodles. This term refers to a situation where small dogs develop undesirable behaviors due to a lack of consistent boundaries and discipline. To prevent this, ensure you treat your Toy Poodle like a dog, regardless of their size, and maintain consistent rules and expectations.

Mental stimulation is just as important as physical exercise for Toy Poodles. Challenging their minds through puzzle toys, interactive games, and advanced training can help keep them mentally engaged and satisfied. As mentioned earlier, Toy Poodles can excel in various dog sports, such as agility, obedience, and rally, which provide both physical and mental enrichment.

poodle's face close up
Photo: a_kappi/Getty Images

Diet & Nutrition 

Proper diet and nutrition play a vital role in maintaining the health and well-being of your Toy Poodle. Ensuring they receive a balanced diet tailored to their specific needs is crucial for supporting their growth, energy levels, and overall health.

What to Feed & How Much

When selecting the appropriate food for your Toy Poodle, look for high-quality commercial dry, wet, or raw food that follows the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) guidelines. These guidelines ensure the food meets the minimum nutritional requirements for a balanced diet.

Choose a product formulated for small breeds, as it will contain the right balance of nutrients, calories, and kibble size suited for your Toy Poodle.

The amount of food your Toy Poodle requires depends on their age, weight, activity level, and individual metabolism. As a general guideline, Toy Poodles weighing around 6-9 pounds typically need approximately 1/3 to 1/2 cup of dry food per day, divided into two meals.

However, it’s essential to consult your veterinarian or refer to the feeding instructions on your dog food packaging for more accurate recommendations tailored to your dog’s specific needs.

Puppies have different nutritional requirements compared to adult dogs and should be fed high-quality puppy food until they reach maturity, usually around one year of age. Puppy food is specially formulated to support their rapid growth and development. Feeding puppies three to four times a day ensures they receive consistent nutrition throughout the day.

It’s essential to monitor your Toy Poodle’s weight and body condition, adjusting their diet and exercise routine as needed to maintain a healthy weight. Regular check-ups with your veterinarian will help ensure your dog’s nutritional needs are being met and address any concerns or adjustments that may be required.

Treats & Water

Treats can be a valuable tool for training and rewarding your Toy Poodle but should be given in moderation, as excessive treats can lead to obesity and other health issues. Opt for healthy, natural treats like small pieces of lean meat, vegetables, or dog-specific treats with minimal additives and preservatives.

Always provide your Toy Poodle with fresh water, ensuring they have access to clean drinking water at all times. Regularly wash their water bowl to prevent bacterial growth and maintain hygiene.


Toy Poodles are generally healthy dogs with a life expectancy of 10 to 18 years. However, like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues.

Some common health concerns associated with the Toy Poodle include:

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) – an inherited eye disorder that causes gradual vision loss, eventually leading to blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help identify early signs of PRA, allowing for appropriate management and care.

Patellar Luxation – a condition in which the kneecap (patella) slips out of its normal position, causing pain and discomfort. Mild cases may be managed with weight control and exercise modifications, while more severe cases may require surgical intervention.

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease – an orthopedic condition that affects the hip joint and is caused by a disruption in blood supply to the femoral head, leading to bone degeneration. Symptoms include limping and pain, and treatment often involves surgery to remove the affected part of the bone.

Dental Issues – Toy Poodles are prone to dental problems such as plaque buildup, gum disease, and tooth loss. Regular dental care, including daily toothbrushing, providing dental chews, and scheduling professional cleanings, can help maintain good oral hygiene and prevent dental issues.

Epilepsy – a neurological disorder that can cause seizures in affected dogs. If your Toy Poodle experiences seizures, it’s crucial to consult with your veterinarian for proper diagnosis and management, which may include medication and monitoring.

To keep your Toy Poodle healthy, it is essential to provide a well-balanced diet that meets their specific nutritional needs and monitor their weight to avoid obesity-related health issues.

Schedule regular veterinary check-ups, including routine blood tests, vaccinations, and preventative care for common health concerns such as heartworm, fleas, and ticks.

Keep up with grooming and hygiene, including regular ear cleaning, nail trimming, and dental care. Ensure your Toy Poodle receives adequate exercise and mental stimulation to maintain their overall well-being.

By taking these steps and being proactive in your Toy Poodle’s care, you can help minimize the risk of health issues and ensure they enjoy a long, happy, and healthy life.

white toy poodle sitting at home
Photo: gollykim/Getty Images Signature


The Toy Poodle is a smaller version of the well-known Poodle breed, which originated in Germany and gained popularity in France.

The Poodle is one of the oldest dog breeds with roots dating back to ancient times. While the exact origins of the Poodle are not fully known, it is believed that they descended from Asian herding dogs, which were later bred with various European water dogs. As the breed developed, it became an excellent water retriever, contributing to its popularity among hunters.

The Poodle was initially bred in three sizes: Standard, Miniature, and Toy, with the Toy Poodle being the smallest of the three. The primary purpose of breeding the Toy Poodle was to create a smaller companion dog suitable for city living and for those with limited space.

Despite their reduced size, Toy Poodles still possess the intelligence, athleticism, and elegance that the larger Poodle varieties are known for.

Toy Poodles gained popularity in the 18th century, particularly among the French aristocracy. They were often seen accompanying their noble owners and were known as symbols of luxury and refinement.

This popularity extended to other parts of Europe, where the breed was favored by royalty and nobility alike. In the mid-19th century, Toy Poodles began appearing in circus acts, showcasing their agility and trainability.

The American Kennel Club (AKC) officially recognized the Poodle breed in 1887, and the Toy Poodle was included as a separate variety within the breed. While the AKC does not specifically list the date of recognition for the Toy Poodle as an individual size, the breed as a whole has been part of the organization’s history for well over a century.

In popular culture, the Poodle has been featured in numerous films, television shows, and literature. Toy Poodles, in particular, have been portrayed as the quintessential “lapdog” and are often associated with high society and affluence.

Notable examples include the character “Fifi” from the animated film “Open Season,” and “Georgette” from Disney’s “Oliver & Company.” A famous real-life Toy Poodle named Misha starred in the TV show “That’s So Raven.”

Today, the Toy Poodle continues to be a popular choice for dog enthusiasts, both as a companion and a show dog. The breed excels in obedience, agility, and other dog sports, showcasing its intelligence and versatility. Additionally, the Toy Poodle’s hypoallergenic coat makes it an appealing option for those with allergies.

Parent Club

The official parent club for the Poodle in the United States is the Poodle Club of America (PCA). Founded in 1931, PCA is dedicated to promoting and protecting the interests of the Poodle breed, including the Toy Poodle variety.

The club provides valuable information, resources, and networking opportunities for Poodle enthusiasts. To learn more about the Poodle Club of America and their activities, you can visit their website here.

Breed Standard

A breed standard is a set of guidelines established by breed clubs or kennel organizations, defining the ideal appearance, temperament, and physical traits of a specific breed. It serves as a reference for breeders, judges, and enthusiasts to evaluate and maintain a breed’s unique qualities.

Covering aspects like size, appearance, and temperament, breed standards are used in dog shows and competitions to assess individual dogs against the ideal representation of their breed.

You can check the Poodle’s breed standard set by the American Kennel Club (AKC) here.

three toy poodle puppies
Photo: MarinaMassel/Getty Images


When considering acquiring a Toy Poodle, it’s essential to prepare for their arrival by gathering necessary supplies such as a crate, bed, toys, grooming tools, and food. Research reputable breeders or rescue organizations to find a healthy, well-socialized puppy or adult dog.

Rescuing a Toy Poodle can be a rewarding experience, as you provide a loving home for a dog in need. The American Kennel Club (AKC) and the Poodle Club of America (PCA) are valuable resources for finding rescue organizations specializing in Poodles. They can help connect you with local rescue groups or shelters that have Toy Poodles available for adoption.

Before bringing your new furry friend home, ensure you have a suitable environment and are ready to invest time and effort into training, socialization, and regular veterinary care. By doing so, you’ll create a happy, healthy life for your Toy Poodle


Are Toy Poodles good pets?

Yes, Toy Poodles make excellent pets. They are intelligent, affectionate, and easily trainable, making them suitable for families, singles, and seniors. Their small size and hypoallergenic coat also make them ideal for people living in apartments or those with allergies.

Are Toy Poodles considered small dogs?

Yes, Toy Poodles are small dogs. They typically stand between 9 to 11 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh between 4 to 6 pounds. This compact size makes them easy to handle and well-suited for smaller living spaces.

Are Toy Poodles expensive?

The cost of a Toy Poodle varies depending on factors such as breeder reputation, location, and pedigree. Prices can range from $1,000 to $3,000 or more for a well-bred puppy. However, rescuing a Toy Poodle from a shelter or rescue organization can be more affordable, with adoption fees usually ranging from $100 to $500.

Do Toy Poodles bark a lot?

Toy Poodles can be vocal, but their barking can be managed with proper training and socialization. They may bark to alert their owners of strangers or unfamiliar noises, but consistent training can teach them when it is appropriate to bark and when to be quiet.

How often do Toy Poodles need grooming?

Toy Poodles require regular grooming due to their curly, non-shedding coat. It’s recommended to brush their coat daily to prevent matting and tangles. Professional grooming should be done every 4 to 6 weeks to maintain their coat’s health and appearance.

Are Toy Poodles easy to train?

Yes, Toy Poodles are known for their intelligence and eagerness to please, making them relatively easy to train. Consistent, positive reinforcement-based training methods work best for this breed. They also excel in various dog sports, such as obedience and agility.

Do Toy Poodles get along with other pets?

Toy Poodles generally get along well with other pets, especially when properly socialized from a young age. However, due to their small size, it’s essential to supervise interactions with larger dogs to prevent accidental injury. It’s also crucial to introduce them gradually to other pets to ensure a harmonious relationship.

Fun Facts

  • Just like their larger counterparts, Toy Poodles have a hypoallergenic coat. Their hair, not fur, sheds minimally and produces fewer allergens, making them a good choice for people with allergies or those who aren’t fans of finding dog hair everywhere in their home.
  • Toy Poodles were bred to be companion dogs, and they excel at this role. They are incredibly affectionate and love nothing more than curling up on their favorite person’s lap. Despite their fondness for relaxation, they’re also playful and energetic, bringing lots of fun and laughter into their homes.

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