Standard Schnauzer

Table of Contents

standard schnauzer portrait
Welcome to the world of the Standard Schnauzer, a breed that's anything but standard! With their blend of intelligence, versatility, and a dash of mischievous charm, these bearded beauties are stealing hearts worldwide.

Join us in this comprehensive guide as we explore everything you need to know about this breed, including their appearance, temperament, ideal environment, grooming, exercise requirements, training tips, dietary needs, health concerns, history, and more.

Best For

The Standard Schnauzer is the perfect match for active individuals or families who love training and can offer lots of attention. Their high spirits and intelligence make them loyal companions for those with a zest for life. If you’re seeking a playful, affectionate, and energetic furry friend, look no further!


OFFICIAL NAMEStandard Schnauzer
OTHER NAMESSchnauzer, Mittelschnauzer, Rattenfänger, Rattler, Rauche Pinscher, Rauhaarige Pinscher, Wire-Haired Pinscher
BREED GROUPWorking Group
HEIGHT17.5-19.5 inches
WEIGHT35-45 lbs
LIFESPAN13-16 years
standard schnauzer standing in a meadow
Photo: stashrudolf/Getty Images


The Standard Schnauzer is a medium-sized dog that exudes both strength and elegance. Weighing between 35 and 45 pounds, they are the epitome of compact power. But don’t be fooled – their sturdy build is perfectly balanced with a unique sense of grace.

The Standard Schnauzer’s body is a masterclass in symmetry, square-proportioned and robust. They stand proudly with good muscle and plenty of bone, a testament to their hardworking farm dog origins. Their tail, often docked, is set high and adds an extra dash of character to their silhouette.

Now, let’s talk about one of the breed’s most distinctive features – their head. The skull is moderately broad, topped with ears that can either be cropped to a point or left natural, folding close to the head. Their eyes, dark and oval-shaped, sparkle with intelligence and curiosity. There’s always a sense of alertness in their gaze, a trait that makes them excellent watchdogs.

But what really sets the Standard Schnauzer apart is their expression. Thanks to their pronounced bristly eyebrows and a mustache that rivals the best in show business, these dogs have a face that’s impossible to forget. It’s a look that perfectly captures their spirited and inquisitive nature.

Their coat is another standout feature. Dense and wiry, it’s designed to protect them from the elements. You’ll find it in solid black or pepper and salt, a color that gives them an almost silver-like sheen. This stiff outer coat, along with their softer undercoat, requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best.

And let’s not forget the leg hair! Yes, you read that right. The Standard Schnauzer sports a distinctive ‘furnishing’ of hair on their legs. It’s a unique trait that adds to their overall sporty look.

In a nutshell, the Standard Schnauzer’s appearance is a blend of rugged charm and classic elegance. With their bushy eyebrows, bristly mustache, and dynamic physique, they’re a breed that’s sure to turn heads wherever they go!

standard schnauzer's face up close
Photo: Iurii/Getty Images


If you’re looking for a canine companion that’s brimming with personality, look no further than the Standard Schnauzer. Their temperament is as distinctive as their bushy eyebrows and signature mustache.

First off, Standard Schnauzers are known for their spirited nature. These dogs are not just lively but also filled with a sense of humor. They love to play and entertain, often becoming the life of the party.

Their antics can keep you laughing for hours. But while they’re all about fun, they’re equally serious when it comes to protecting their family. They are fearless, yet not aggressive, always ready to step up if they sense any danger.

Intelligence is another hallmark of this breed. Standard Schnauzers are smart, very smart. They’re quick learners, adept problem solvers, and have an uncanny ability to understand human emotions. This makes them not only easy to train but also highly responsive to their owner’s mood.

However, their intelligence also means they can be a little stubborn at times. They like to think for themselves and won’t simply follow commands blindly. They’ll often add their unique twist to the tasks, showing off their creative side.

One of the most endearing traits of the Standard Schnauzer is their loyalty. They form strong bonds with their family and are extremely devoted. They love spending time with their humans, whether it’s lounging around on a lazy afternoon or participating in family activities.

Their affectionate nature makes them great companions. But remember, they’re not overly clingy. They appreciate their alone time as much as they enjoy your company.

Standard Schnauzers are also incredibly versatile. They adapt well to different environments and situations. Whether you live in a bustling city apartment or a quiet country home, they’ll fit right in. They’re comfortable in both indoor and outdoor settings, making them perfect for various lifestyles.

Another thing you’ll notice about these dogs is their alertness. They’re always aware of their surroundings and quick to react. This makes them excellent watchdogs. They’ll alert you with a hearty bark if they spot anything unusual. But don’t worry, they’re not chronic barkers. They use their voice judiciously, ensuring they’re heard only when necessary.

Finally, let’s talk about their sociability. Standard Schnauzers are friendly dogs. They get along well with people, including children, and can make friends with other pets too. They’re not shy or aggressive, striking a perfect balance between being approachable and independent.

standard schnauzer standing in a meadow during sunset
Photo: stashrudolf/Getty Images

Ideal Environment

When it comes to finding the perfect environment for a Standard Schnauzer, flexibility is key. These versatile dogs adapt well to a variety of living situations, but there are some factors that can make their lives even more enjoyable.

Ideal Owner

Firstly, let’s discuss the ideal pet parent. Standard Schnauzers thrive with owners who are active and love to engage in interactive play. They appreciate a good balance between physical activity and mental stimulation. Their high intelligence means they love learning new tricks and solving puzzles, so an owner who enjoys training and playing games would be a perfect match.

Other Pets

As for other pets, Standard Schnauzers generally get along well with other animals. Early socialization can enhance their ability to coexist peacefully with other dogs and even cats. However, their spirited nature might not be a good fit for very timid pets.

Physical Environment

When it comes to the physical environment, both city apartments and country homes can suit these adaptable dogs, as long as they have enough space to move around. They’re not too fond of being left alone in the backyard though – they prefer to be where their family is.

One important aspect to consider is that these dogs are known for their alertness and vigilance, which makes them excellent watchdogs. However, this means they may bark to alert you of anything they deem suspicious. Therefore, if you live in a place with noise restrictions, you might need to invest in some bark-control training.

Climate Adaptability

Climate-wise, the Standard Schnauzer’s dense, wiry coat provides some protection against the cold, but they’re not built for extreme temperatures. During severe winter weather, a doggy sweater or coat can help keep them warm during outdoor excursions.

On the other hand, in hot climates, it’s essential to provide plenty of shade and fresh water, and avoid walking them during the hottest part of the day.

standard schnauzer in an open field
Photo: stashrudolf/Getty Images


Standard Schnauzers are a breed that requires a fair bit of grooming to keep them looking their best. But don’t worry, their grooming routine doesn’t have to feel like a chore. It can be a great opportunity to bond with your furry friend and keep them healthy and happy.

Coat Care

Let’s start with their coat. Standard Schnauzers have a dense, wiry outer coat and a soft undercoat. This combination is designed to protect them from harsh weather conditions, but it also means they need regular grooming.

Typically, a thorough brushing once or twice a week should suffice to keep their coat free from mats and tangles. A slicker brush or a comb with both wide and narrow teeth can be handy tools for this task.

Every few months, their coat will need to be hand-stripped or clipped. Hand-stripping involves plucking out the loose, dead hairs by hand or with a stripping knife. It helps maintain the coat’s texture and color. However, it can be time-consuming and requires some skill, so you might want to get a professional groomer to do it.

If you prefer a simpler method, clipping is an option. It’s quicker and easier, but it will change the coat’s texture over time, making it softer and lighter in color. Regardless of the method you choose, remember that Standard Schnauzers are a low-shedding breed, which can be a big plus for those with allergies.

Bathing your Standard Schnauzer should be done as needed, usually every 3 to 4 months. Use a dog-friendly shampoo to avoid irritating their skin. After the bath, make sure to dry them thoroughly, especially in the colder months.

Dental Care

Now, let’s talk about dental care. Like all breeds, Standard Schnauzers are prone to gum disease and bad breath if their teeth aren’t cared for properly. Regular brushing with dog-safe toothpaste can help prevent these issues. Start this habit early, so your pup gets used to it.

Nail Trimming

Next up, nails. Their nails should be trimmed once or twice a month. If you hear them clicking on the floor, it’s time for a trim. Be careful not to cut into the quick, the blood vessel inside the nail. If you’re unsure, a vet or groomer can show you how to do it safely.

Ears & Eyes

Lastly, don’t forget the ears and eyes. Check them regularly for any signs of redness, irritation, or infection. Clean them gently with a vet-approved solution. And remember, those expressive eyebrows and mustache may need a trim from time to time to keep them looking neat.

standard schnauzer playing in water
Photo: Christian Mueller/Getty Images


The Standard Schnauzer is a lively and energetic breed with a strong desire for activity. An ideal day in the life of a Standard Schnauzer includes plenty of exercise, both physical and mental.

Exercise Amount & Types

These dogs require at least an hour of dedicated exercise each day. This can be broken up into two or three walks or play sessions. It’s not enough to just let them out in the backyard – they crave engagement and interaction from their human companions. Games of fetch, frisbee, or hide-and-seek can keep them entertained and help burn off that boundless energy.

In addition to daily walks and playtime, Standard Schnauzers also enjoy more structured forms of exercise. Agility training is a great fit for this breed due to their intelligence and athleticism. They excel at navigating obstacle courses, and it provides a fantastic outlet for their energy. Plus, it’s a fun way to strengthen the bond between you and your furry friend.

If you’re a runner or a cyclist, your Standard Schnauzer will be more than happy to join you. Their endurance and love for activity make them excellent companions for long jogs or bike rides. Just make sure the weather isn’t too hot, as they can overheat.

Standard Schnauzers are also known to be quite the swimmers. If you have access to a safe body of water, swimming can be a wonderful low-impact exercise for them. It’s a great way to cool off in the summer months too!

Dog Sports

For those interested in dog competitions, the Standard Schnauzer can be a strong contender. Whether it’s obedience, agility, or even herding trials, these dogs love a challenge and thrive on the mental stimulation these activities provide.

standard schnauzer walking in a park
Photo: SergeyTikhomirov/Getty Images


Training a Standard Schnauzer can be an exciting adventure. These dogs are known for their intelligence and eagerness to learn, which makes them highly trainable. But remember, their quick minds also mean they can be a tad stubborn at times. So, patience and consistency are key.

Basic Obedience

Start training your Standard Schnauzer early. Puppies are like sponges, ready to soak up all the knowledge you have to offer. Begin with basic obedience commands like ‘sit’, ‘stay’, and ‘come’. These foundational skills not only help with everyday interactions but also lay the groundwork for more advanced training later on.


Socialization is another crucial part of their training. Introduce your Standard Schnauzer to a variety of people, places, sounds, and experiences. This helps them grow into well-rounded, confident adults who can handle different situations with ease. Dog parks, busy streets, and pet-friendly stores can be great places for socialization.

Positive Reinforcement

When it comes to training methods, positive reinforcement works wonders with this breed. They respond well to treats, praise, and play. Avoid harsh corrections as they can lead to fear and distrust. Instead, focus on rewarding good behavior and ignoring unwanted actions. This encourages them to repeat the behaviors that get them rewards.

Advanced Training

Standard Schnauzers also excel in more structured forms of training. Their agility and intelligence make them naturals at activities like obedience trials, agility courses, and even herding events. These challenges provide mental stimulation and can be a fun way to bond with your dog.

Remember, training isn’t a one-time thing. It’s an ongoing process that continues throughout your dog’s life. Regular training sessions help keep their mind sharp and their skills polished.

standard schnauzer at a dog show
Photo: Africa images

Diet & Nutrition 

Feeding a Standard Schnauzer is more than just filling up their food bowl. It’s about providing balanced nutrition that keeps them healthy and active.

What to Feed & How Much

Standard Schnauzers can thrive on high-quality dry, wet, or raw food that meets the guidelines set by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). Whichever type you choose, make sure it’s rich in protein. Protein helps build strong muscles and provides energy for their active lifestyle. Also, look for foods with a good balance of fruits and vegetables for essential vitamins and minerals.

They can be prone to certain health conditions, like pancreatitis, which can be influenced by diet. Avoid foods high in fat and consider including probiotics for a healthy gut.

The amount of food your Standard Schnauzer needs depends on their age, weight, and activity level. Puppies require more frequent meals – usually three to four times a day – to support their rapid growth. As they mature, this can be reduced to two meals a day. Always follow the feeding guide on the food package and adjust as needed. If you’re unsure, your vet can provide personalized advice.


Treats can be a useful tool for training, but remember to use them sparingly. They should make up no more than 10% of your dog’s daily caloric intake. Too many treats can lead to weight gain and other health issues.


Water is another crucial component of your dog’s diet. Ensure fresh water is always available to keep them hydrated, especially after exercise or during hot weather.

standard schnauzer's face
Photo: moobarack/Getty Images


Standard Schnauzers are known for their robust health and longevity. With a life expectancy of 13 to 16 years, these lively canines often enjoy many healthy and active years. However, like all breeds, they can be predisposed to certain health conditions. Here are common ones:

Hip Dysplasia: This genetic condition, where the hip joint doesn’t fit together properly, can lead to discomfort, pain, and even arthritis.

Eye Conditions: Standard Schnauzers can be prone to eye problems like cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy, which can affect their vision.

Hypothyroidism: This is a condition where the thyroid doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to issues like weight gain, lethargy, and skin problems.

Comedo Syndrome: Unique to Schnauzers, this skin condition causes blackheads and bumps along the spine.

Pancreatitis: This breed can be susceptible to inflammation of the pancreas, which can cause digestive problems.

While this list might sound concerning, remember that these are potential issues and not every Standard Schnauzer will face them. Regular vet checks and preventative care can go a long way in keeping your dog healthy.

A balanced diet that follows AAFCO guidelines is crucial for maintaining good health. Avoid foods high in fat to prevent pancreatitis and consider including supplements like probiotics for gut health.

Regular veterinary check-ups are essential to catch any potential issues early. Your vet can guide you on the appropriate vaccinations and preventative treatments for parasites like fleas, ticks, and heartworms.

Exercise is another key aspect of their health. Regular physical activity helps maintain an ideal weight and keeps their joints flexible. Mental stimulation is equally important to keep their minds sharp.

standard schnauzer sitting in an empty field
Photo: stashrudolf/Getty Images


The Standard Schnauzer has a rich history that dates back to the Middle Ages. Originating in Germany, they were initially known as Wire-haired Pinschers and were first exhibited in dog shows in the 1870s. The breed was developed from versatile, hardworking farm dogs, and they were valued for their skills as ratters, herders, and guardians.

These spirited dogs have left their paw prints not just in farms and homes, but also in popular culture. They’ve been featured in several works of art, including paintings by renowned artists like Albrecht Durer and Rembrandt. These artistic depictions provide evidence of the breed’s long history and their enduring appeal.

The breed’s name, Schnauzer, comes from the German word “Schnauze,” which means “muzzle.” This name is a nod to their distinctive bearded snout, one of the breed’s most recognizable features.

One of the notable facts about the Standard Schnauzer is their role during World War I. They were used as messenger dogs, thanks to their intelligence and agility. Their loyalty and bravery during these challenging times are testaments to their character.

The American Kennel Club (AKC) first recognized the breed in 1904, but it wasn’t until after World War II that the breed gained popularity in America. Their intelligence, versatility, and unique appearance captured the hearts of many dog lovers.

The Standard Schnauzer currently ranks 94th on the AKC’s list of Most Popular Dog Breeds. While they may not be at the top of the list, their fans appreciate them for their distinct personality and looks. Those who have had the pleasure of sharing their lives with a Standard Schnauzer know that these dogs are truly one of a kind.

Parent Club

The parent club for the Standard Schnauzer breed in the United States is the Standard Schnauzer Club of America (SSCA). The SSCA was formed in 1933 after splitting from the Schnauzer Club of America. The club’s mission is to encourage and promote the quality of Standard Schnauzers and preserve their natural qualities. You can find more information about the SSCA on their official website.

Breed Standard

A breed standard is a set of guidelines established by breed clubs or kennel organizations, defining the ideal appearance, temperament, and physical traits of a specific breed. 

It serves as a reference for breeders, judges, and enthusiasts to evaluate and maintain a breed’s unique qualities. Covering aspects like size, appearance, and temperament, breed standards are used in dog shows and competitions to assess individual dogs against the ideal representation of their breed.

Check out the Standard Schnauzer’s breed standard as set by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

standard schnauzer puppy sitting among yellow dandelions
Photo: RS-photography/Getty Images


If you’re considering adding a Standard Schnauzer to your family, congratulations! They’re intelligent, energetic, and full of personality. Before bringing one home, prepare for lots of exercise, mental stimulation, and grooming needs.

If you choose to buy a puppy, it’s crucial to find a reputable breeder who prioritizes health and temperament. A responsible breeder will happily answer your questions and provide proof of health testing.

However, consider giving a second chance to a rescue dog. There are many wonderful Standard Schnauzers waiting for their forever homes. The American Kennel Club and the Standard Schnauzer Club of America can help connect you with rescue organizations.

Remember, whether you buy or rescue, owning a dog is a long-term commitment. Make sure you’re ready to provide a loving home for your new furry friend for their entire life. Good luck on your journey to Standard Schnauzer ownership!


Are Standard Schnauzers good pets?

Yes, Standard Schnauzers make excellent pets. They’re intelligent, lively, and loyal. Their medium size makes them adaptable to various living situations, and their love for play makes them great companions for active families.

Do Standard Schnauzers bark a lot?

Standard Schnauzers are known for being vocal. They may bark to alert you of strangers or when they’re bored. Training from an early age can help manage their barking.

Will a Standard Schnauzer protect me?

Absolutely. Standard Schnauzers are known for their protective nature. They’re courageous and loyal, making them excellent watchdogs. However, they’re not aggressive and are generally friendly towards people they know.

Are Standard Schnauzers rare?

While not as common as some other breeds, Standard Schnauzers aren’t exactly rare. They’re ranked 89th in popularity by the American Kennel Club.

Do Standard Schnauzers need a lot of exercise?

Yes, they do. Standard Schnauzers are energetic dogs that need at least an hour of regular physical and mental stimulation. Daily walks, playtime, and training sessions are recommended.

How big do Standard Schnauzers get?

Standard Schnauzers are medium-sized dogs. Males typically weigh between 40-45 pounds and stand about 18.5-19.5 inches tall at the shoulder. Females are slightly smaller, usually weighing between 35-40 pounds and standing about 17.5-18.5 inches tall.

Are Standard Schnauzers good with kids?

Yes, they generally get along well with children. However, like all dogs, it’s important to supervise interactions between dogs and young kids to ensure safety for both.

Table of Contents