Welsh Springer Spaniel

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welsh springer spaniel portrait
Get ready to embark on a tail-wagging journey with the Welsh Springer Spaniel, the enchanting breed that's as vibrant as a field of blooming flowers! With their striking red and white coats, soulful eyes, and a spirit that radiates joy, these playful charmers are beloved by dog enthusiasts worldwide.

Join us in this comprehensive guide as we explore everything you need to know about this breed, including their appearance, temperament, ideal environment, grooming, exercise requirements, training tips, dietary needs, health concerns, history, and more.

Best For

The Welsh Springer Spaniel is perfect for active individuals and families seeking a loving, energetic, and loyal companion. With their friendly nature and zest for life, these charming dogs thrive in households that can provide ample exercise, mental stimulation, and affection.


OFFICIAL NAMEWelsh Springer Spaniel
OTHER NAMESWelshie, Welsh Springer, Welsh Starter
BREED GROUPSporting Group
HEIGHT17-19 inches
WEIGHT35-55 lbs
LIFESPAN12-15 years
welsh springer spaniel standing in the garden
Photo: Lois_McCleary/Getty Images


Welsh Springer Spaniels are medium-sized dogs that boast a striking appearance, exuding both elegance and athleticism. Males typically stand at 18 to 19 inches tall, while females reach heights of 17 to 18 inches. Weighing between 35 to 55 pounds, these well-proportioned canines possess a balanced and sturdy build that showcases their agility and strength.

The Welshie’s body is slightly longer than it is tall, featuring a deep chest and well-sprung ribs. Their strong, muscular legs effortlessly carry them through various terrains, while their powerful hindquarters propel them forward with grace and speed.

The breed’s tail is usually docked, although undocked tails are becoming more common. Carried horizontally or slightly elevated, the tail is an expressive extension of the Welsh Springer Spaniel’s lively character.

Their head is both noble and refined, with a slightly rounded skull and a well-defined stop. The muzzle tapers toward the nose, which features prominent nostrils and a black or dark brown hue that complements their coat.

Their medium-sized eyes exude a gentle, trusting expression, with colors ranging from hazel to dark brown. Framing the face are the Welsh Springer Spaniel’s distinctive ears – long, pendulous, and set at eye level, they’re covered in silky feathering that adds a touch of elegance to their appearance.

One of the most captivating features of the Welsh Springer Spaniel is their stunning coat. Sporting a rich red and white pattern, their glossy, straight, and moderately dense coat is weather-resistant, providing protection during their outdoor adventures.

The coat’s texture is silky to the touch, and the breed exhibits a moderate amount of feathering on their ears, chest, legs, and tail, further enhancing their elegant appearance.

The Welsh Springer Spaniel’s overall expression is one of intelligence, attentiveness, and kindness, reflecting their warm-hearted and cheerful nature. Their unique combination of physical attributes makes them a truly eye-catching breed that stands out in a crowd.

welsh springer spaniel's face up close
Photo: TayaCho/Getty Images Signature


The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a breed that exudes warmth and charm, winning over hearts with their delightful temperament and endearing personality. Known for their affectionate and friendly nature, Welshies are eager to please and form strong bonds with their human companions. They’re always ready to shower you with love and devotion, making them the perfect addition to any home.

One of the most enchanting aspects of the Welsh Springer Spaniel’s personality is their cheerful and optimistic disposition. These dogs approach life with enthusiasm and a zest for adventure, injecting a sense of joy and excitement into every activity.

Their playful nature makes them great companions for children, as they’re gentle and patient with little ones, and they enjoy romping around in the great outdoors just as much as snuggling up on the couch.

Welsh Springer Spaniels are known for their intelligence and alertness, which is evident in their curious and attentive expressions. They’re quick learners and enjoy engaging in mentally stimulating activities, such as puzzle toys or interactive games. This mental sharpness also translates to an innate ability to read human emotions, allowing them to provide comfort and companionship when it’s needed most.

Despite their lively and spirited demeanor, Welshies possess a gentle and sensitive side. They thrive on positive reinforcement and encouragement, responding best to training methods that focus on praise and rewards. With proper guidance, the Welsh Springer Spaniel can excel in various canine activities, such as agility, obedience, and even therapy work.

In social settings, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is generally good-natured and amiable, getting along well with other dogs and animals.

They’re not typically aggressive or overly dominant, but early socialization is crucial to ensure they develop into well-rounded, confident adults. Introducing them to various environments, people, and animals during their formative months will help them become adaptable and comfortable in different situations.

While Welshies are generally friendly and outgoing, some individuals may exhibit a hint of reserve or caution around strangers. However, this initial wariness typically dissipates as they become more familiar with new people and surroundings. It’s essential to provide positive experiences and gradual exposure to novel situations to help your Welsh Springer Spaniel develop trust and confidence.

One thing to keep in mind is that the Welsh Springer Spaniel can be prone to bouts of separation anxiety due to their strong attachment to their family. They don’t enjoy being left alone for extended periods, so it’s essential to gradually acclimate them to alone time and ensure they have plenty of mental stimulation to stave off boredom and stress.

two welsh springer spaniels walking together
Photo: Lois_McCleary/Getty Images

Ideal Environment

Physical Environment

The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a versatile and adaptable breed that thrives in a variety of environments, as long as they have ample opportunity for physical activity and mental stimulation. They’re well-suited to both urban and rural settings, but access to outdoor spaces where they can run, play, and explore is essential for their overall happiness and well-being.

Climate Adaptability

In terms of climate adaptability, the Welsh Springer Spaniel’s weather-resistant coat provides protection against the elements, allowing them to fare well in moderate to cold climates.

Their dense, silky coat helps retain warmth and shield them from chilly winds, making them well-equipped for outdoor adventures in cooler temperatures. However, it’s essential to monitor your Welshie during extremely cold weather and provide proper shelter to ensure their comfort and safety.

On the flip side, the breed can also tolerate warmer climates, although it’s crucial to take precautions to prevent overheating. Ensure your Welsh Springer Spaniel has access to shade and fresh water during hot days, and avoid strenuous exercise during peak temperature hours. Regular grooming and coat maintenance can also help keep them comfortable by removing excess hair and promoting airflow around the skin.

Ideal Owner

Ideal pet parents for Welshies are those who lead an active lifestyle and can provide the necessary exercise and engagement this energetic breed craves. Whether it’s a morning jog, an afternoon hike, or a leisurely evening stroll, Welsh Springer Spaniels are eager to join in on the fun.

Their friendly nature and zest for life make them great companions for individuals, couples, and families alike, including those with children.

Other Pets

When it comes to other pets, the Welsh Springer Spaniel typically gets along well with fellow canines and even cats if properly socialized from a young age. Their gentle and amiable demeanor makes them easygoing companions for a multi-pet household. However, early socialization and training are crucial to ensure harmonious coexistence with other animals.

welsh springer spaniel standing in shallow water
Photo: Lois_McCleary/Getty Images


The Welsh Springer Spaniel’s stunning red and white coat not only showcases their beauty but also requires regular grooming to keep them looking and feeling their best. With a few essential tools and a consistent grooming routine, you’ll ensure your Welshie stays clean, comfortable, and healthy.

Coat Care

First and foremost, regular brushing is crucial for maintaining the Welsh Springer Spaniel’s silky, weather-resistant coat. Aim to brush your dog at least two to three times per week using a slicker brush or a pin brush, which will help remove loose hair, prevent tangles, and distribute natural oils throughout the coat.

Since Welshies have a moderate amount of feathering on their ears, legs, and tail, it’s essential to pay particular attention to these areas during grooming sessions, as they’re more prone to matting.

In addition to brushing, occasional trimming or thinning of the feathering may be necessary to maintain a neat appearance. You can use thinning shears or regular grooming scissors to trim any excess hair around the ears, legs, and tail, being careful not to cut too close to the skin. If you’re unsure about trimming your dog’s coat, a professional groomer can help keep your Welshie looking fabulous.

Bathing your Welsh Springer Spaniel every four to six weeks, or as needed, will help keep their coat clean and free from dirt and debris.

Use a gentle, dog-friendly shampoo that won’t strip the natural oils from their coat, and ensure you rinse thoroughly to prevent any residue buildup. After bathing, towel-dry your dog and use a hairdryer on a low heat setting to dry the coat completely, taking care not to overheat your Welshie.

Dental Care

Dental care is another vital aspect of your Welsh Springer Spaniel’s grooming routine. Regular tooth brushing, ideally once a day or at least a few times a week, will help prevent plaque buildup, gum disease, and bad breath. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and canine toothpaste to clean your dog’s teeth, and consider providing dental chews or toys to support their oral health.

Ear Care

Don’t forget to check and clean your Welshie’s ears regularly, as their long, pendulous ears can be prone to infections. Gently wipe the outer ear with a cotton ball moistened with an ear-cleaning solution recommended by your veterinarian. Avoid using cotton swabs or inserting anything into the ear canal, as this can cause damage.

Nail Care

Finally, nail care is essential for your Welsh Springer Spaniel’s comfort and overall health. Trim your dog’s nails every three to four weeks using a pair of dog nail clippers or a rotary tool designed for pets. Be cautious not to cut the quick, which is the blood vessel running through the nail. If you’re unsure about trimming your dog’s nails, consult a professional groomer or your veterinarian for assistance.

welsh springer spaniel resting in the shade outdoor
Photo: Lois_McCleary/Getty Images


When it comes to exercise, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is a lively and energetic breed that thrives on staying active and engaged. Meeting their exercise needs is essential for their overall well-being and happiness.

Exercise Amount & Types

Expect to provide your Welsh Springer Spaniel with approximately 60 to 90 minutes of exercise per day. These dogs have a high energy level and require regular physical activity to channel their enthusiasm. Keep in mind that individual exercise requirements may vary based on factors such as age, health, and personality.

To keep your Welsh Springer Spaniel entertained and physically fit, a combination of activities is recommended. Daily walks are a great foundation for providing them with both mental stimulation and physical exercise. Incorporating play sessions, such as fetch or frisbee, allows them to burn off energy while strengthening the bond between you and your furry companion.

Welsh Springer Spaniels thrive on interactive and engaging exercise. Consider engaging them in activities like agility training, obedience classes, or flyball, which tap into their intelligence and athleticism. These activities not only fulfill their exercise needs but also stimulate their minds, providing a well-rounded experience.

Incorporating your Welsh Springer Spaniel into your daily activities is a great way to keep them active and happy. Take them along on hikes, jogs, or even swimming sessions if they enjoy water. These social dogs thrive on human interaction, and including them in your adventures strengthens the bond between you.

Dog Sports

Moreover, Welsh Springer Spaniels can excel in various dog competitions and sports. Their natural agility and trainability make them suitable for activities such as obedience trials, tracking, and even dock diving. Participating in these competitions not only offers a chance to showcase their abilities but also provides them with an outlet for their energy and a sense of accomplishment.

Exercise Precautions

While exercising your Welsh Springer Spaniel, be attentive to their well-being. Monitor their energy levels and watch for signs of exhaustion or overheating. Provide plenty of water during exercise, especially on warm days. Additionally, be mindful of their paws on hot surfaces, and consider using protective booties if necessary.

welsh springer spaniel running through a field
Photo: Lois_McCleary/Getty Images


Training a Welsh Springer Spaniel can be a delightful and gratifying experience, as these intelligent and eager-to-please dogs respond well to consistent, positive reinforcement. Their innate curiosity and desire to learn make them highly trainable, but it’s essential to approach training with patience, understanding, and a sense of fun.

Positive Reinforcement

Welshies are sensitive souls, so it’s crucial to use gentle, reward-based training methods that focus on praise, treats, and affection. Harsh or punitive techniques can hinder their progress and damage their confidence. By building a strong foundation of trust and communication, you’ll set the stage for successful training sessions and a happy, well-behaved companion.

Basic Obedience

Begin your Welsh Springer Spaniel’s training journey with basic obedience commands, such as sit, stay, and come. These essential skills not only promote good manners but also help keep your dog safe in various situations. Consistency is key – be sure to practice regularly and maintain the same expectations to reinforce desired behaviors.


Socialization is another vital aspect of training your Welshie, as early exposure to different people, animals, and environments will help them develop into well-rounded, confident adults. Puppy socialization classes, trips to dog parks, and neighborhood walks are excellent opportunities for positive interactions and experiences.

Additional Training Tips

Welsh Springer Spaniels excel in various canine sports and activities, such as agility, flyball, and scent work. These pursuits offer an engaging way to channel their energy, stimulate their minds, and strengthen the bond between you and your dog. With proper guidance and encouragement, your Welshie can shine in these disciplines while having a blast in the process.

One potential challenge when training a Welsh Springer Spaniel is their innate hunting instincts, which may lead to occasional distractions or stubbornness. To curb this tendency, establish reliable recall skills and provide plenty of mental stimulation to keep their minds occupied and focused.

welsh springer spaniel swimming in the water
Photo: Lois_McCleary/Getty Images

Diet & Nutrition 

Providing them with a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for your Welsh Springer Spaniel’s overall health and well-being. Choosing the right food and following proper feeding guidelines will help keep them in optimal condition.

What to Feed & How Much

Opt for high-quality dog food that meets the guidelines set by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). Look for dry food, wet food, or a combination that suits your dog’s preferences and needs. These commercially available options are formulated to provide the necessary nutrients and ensure a well-rounded diet.

If you decide to explore alternative feeding methods, such as a raw food diet, it’s important to consult with your veterinarian or a veterinary nutritionist to ensure it meets your dog’s nutritional needs and is properly balanced.

Feeding quantities depend on factors such as age, weight, activity level, and metabolism. Generally, adult Welsh Springer Spaniels require about 1 to 1.5 cups of dry food per day, divided into two meals. Puppies have higher energy needs and should be fed smaller, more frequent meals. As your dog matures, adjust their portion sizes accordingly to maintain a healthy weight.

Keep in mind that every dog is unique, so monitor your Welsh Springer Spaniel’s body condition and adjust their food intake accordingly. Avoid overfeeding, as it can lead to obesity, which can negatively impact their overall health and increase the risk of various health issues.

Remember, each dog’s dietary requirements may vary, so it’s essential to monitor their weight, energy levels, and overall health. Regularly check in with your veterinarian to discuss your Welsh Springer Spaniel’s diet and make any necessary adjustments based on their individual needs.


While it’s important to provide proper nutrition through their main meals, treats can also be a part of their diet. Use treats sparingly and choose options that are specifically formulated for dogs to avoid potential harm or nutritional imbalances. Be mindful of the calorie content of treats and factor them into your dog’s daily calorie intake to maintain a healthy balance.


Fresh and clean water should always be available for your Welsh Springer Spaniel. Hydration is vital for their overall health and helps with digestion and circulation. Ensure they have access to water at all times, especially during and after exercise.

welsh springer spaniel standing at the edge of the woods
Photo: Lois_McCleary/Getty Images


The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a generally healthy and robust breed, with a life expectancy of around 12 to 15 years. However, like all breeds, they can be predisposed to certain health issues. Being aware of these potential conditions and taking proactive measures can help ensure your furry friend enjoys a long and healthy life.

Some common health issues associated with Welsh Springer Spaniels include:

Hip Dysplasia: This genetic condition occurs when the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain. Regular vet check-ups and maintaining a healthy weight can help manage this condition.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): PRA is an inherited eye disease that causes gradual vision loss, eventually leading to blindness. Responsible breeding practices and early detection through annual eye exams can help prevent or manage this condition.

Entropion: This is a condition where the eyelids roll inward, causing irritation and damage to the eye. Surgical correction is often necessary to prevent further complications.

Ear Infections: Welshies’ long, pendulous ears create a warm, moist environment that can be prone to infections. Regular ear cleaning and monitoring for signs of infection, such as redness or odor, can help prevent this issue.

Hypothyroidism: This endocrine disorder occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to symptoms like weight gain, lethargy, and skin problems. Medication and regular vet check-ups can help manage this condition.

To keep your Welsh Springer Spaniel in tip-top shape, a balanced and nutritious diet is essential. Feed them high-quality dog food that meets their specific age, size, and activity level requirements. Be mindful of portion sizes and avoid overfeeding to prevent obesity, which can exacerbate health issues.

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for early detection and prevention of health problems. Ensure your Welshie receives all recommended vaccinations and parasite preventatives to protect against common illnesses and infections. Discuss any concerns or changes in your dog’s health with your veterinarian, who can provide guidance and support for maintaining your furry friend’s well-being.

welsh springer spaniel in the snow
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The Welsh Springer Spaniel, a captivating breed with a rich history, can trace its origins back several centuries to the lush landscapes of Wales. Known for their distinctive appearance, keen hunting abilities, and gentle temperament, these dogs have long been cherished by their owners and admired by dog enthusiasts worldwide.

The early beginnings of the Welsh Springer Spaniel date back to at least the 16th century, where they were bred as gundogs for their exceptional hunting prowess.

Agile and energetic, these dogs excelled at flushing out game, such as pheasants and rabbits, from dense underbrush. Their keen sense of smell and boundless enthusiasm made them indispensable companions to hunters across the Welsh countryside.

Throughout its history, the breed’s appearance has remained relatively consistent, with the signature red and white coat, medium-sized frame, and long, pendulous ears being hallmarks of the Welsh Springer Spaniel.

These features not only contribute to their undeniable charm but also serve practical purposes in the field – their water-resistant coat protects them from harsh weather conditions, while their muscular build enables them to traverse rough terrain with ease.

The Welsh Springer Spaniel’s temperament is as endearing as its appearance. Known for their good-natured disposition, these gentle and affectionate dogs form strong bonds with their human families. Their inherent intelligence and eagerness to please make them highly trainable, allowing them to excel in various disciplines beyond hunting, such as search-and-rescue operations and agility competitions.

In popular culture, the Welsh Springer Spaniel has enjoyed a certain level of prestige, thanks in part to their connection with British royalty. The late Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, was a notable Welsh Springer Spaniel owner, having had several of these charming dogs throughout her lifetime. This royal association further cemented the breed’s popularity and elevated its status among dog lovers.

The journey of the Welsh Springer Spaniel to the United States began in the early 1900s, with the first documented importation of the breed occurring in 1906.

It wasn’t long before the American Kennel Club (AKC) took notice of these charming dogs, officially recognizing and registering the breed in 1907. Since then, the Welsh Springer Spaniel has continued to gain recognition and admiration among dog enthusiasts in the US and beyond.

Over the years, there have been several notable moments in the breed’s history that have contributed to its growing popularity.

One such milestone occurred in 1961 when a Welsh Springer Spaniel named Ch. Rwyn Lucky Luke became the first of his breed to win Best in Show at the prestigious Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. This significant achievement showcased the breed’s versatility and appeal, further solidifying its place in the hearts of dog lovers everywhere.

Parent Club

The Welsh Springer Spaniel Club of America (WSSCA) is the official parent club for Welsh Springer Spaniels in the United States. Founded in 1961, the WSSCA is dedicated to promoting and protecting the interests of this captivating breed.

The club provides resources, education, and support for Welsh Springer Spaniel enthusiasts, including organizing events, offering guidance on responsible breeding practices, and fostering a community for owners and admirers alike. Visit their website to learn more about the WSSCA.

Breed Standard

A breed standard is a set of guidelines established by breed clubs or kennel organizations, defining the ideal appearance, temperament, and physical traits of a specific breed.

It serves as a reference for breeders, judges, and enthusiasts to evaluate and maintain a breed’s unique qualities. Covering aspects like size, appearance, and temperament, breed standards are used in dog shows and competitions to assess individual dogs against the ideal representation of their breed.

Check out the Welsh Springer Spaniel’s breed standard as set by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

welsh springer spaniel puppy running along a path
Photo: Rixie


When considering adding a Welsh Springer Spaniel to your family, it’s essential to prepare and choose the right source for your new furry companion. If you decide to buy, ensure you purchase from a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs. A responsible breeder will provide health clearances, answer your questions, and allow you to see the puppy’s living conditions.

Alternatively, rescuing a Welsh Springer Spaniel can be a rewarding experience, providing a loving home to a dog in need. The American Kennel Club (AKC) and the Welsh Springer Spaniel Club of America (WSSCA), can help connect you with rescue organizations and available dogs.

Before bringing your Welshie home, prepare by gathering essential supplies such as food, bedding, toys, and grooming tools. Also, consider enrolling in a puppy socialization class to ensure a well-rounded, confident companion.


Are Welsh Springer Spaniels good family dogs?

Yes, Welsh Springer Spaniels make excellent family dogs. They are known for their gentle, affectionate nature and form strong bonds with their human families. Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them highly trainable and adaptable to various home environments.

What is the difference between Welsh Springer Spaniels and English Springer Spaniels?

While both breeds share a similar purpose as gundogs, there are some distinct differences between the two. Welsh Springer Spaniels have a red and white coat, while English Springer Spaniels come in liver/white or black/white combinations. Welshies are typically smaller and more compact than their English counterparts and tend to have a calmer temperament.

Can Welsh Springer Spaniels be left alone?

Like any breed, Welsh Springer Spaniels can be left alone for short periods, but they thrive on companionship and may become anxious or destructive if left alone for extended periods. It’s essential to gradually acclimate them to being alone and provide mental stimulation to prevent boredom.

Are Welsh Springer Spaniels hyper?

While Welsh Springer Spaniels are energetic and require regular exercise, they are generally not considered hyper. They enjoy outdoor activities like walks and play sessions but are usually content to relax with their family when indoors.

How much exercise do Welsh Springer Spaniels need?

Welsh Springer Spaniels require 60-90 minutes of daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. A combination of walks, playtime, and mental stimulation, such as puzzle toys or training sessions, will help keep your Welshie happy and healthy.

Do Welsh Springer Spaniels shed?

Yes, Welsh Springer Spaniels shed moderately year-round, with increased shedding during seasonal changes. Regular grooming, including brushing and occasional baths, will help manage shedding and maintain their beautiful coat.

Are Welsh Springer Spaniels good with other pets?

Welsh Springer Spaniels are typically good with other pets, especially when properly socialized from a young age. However, their hunting instincts may be triggered by small animals, so supervision and gradual introductions are essential when integrating them with smaller pets.

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